Before buying a raccoon, please check with your state to see if
you need a permit or if they are legal.
Every state has different regulations. For the safety of the
animal, it is best to ensure he/she is legal.
Otherwise, You will have a difficult time finding a vet. Most
vets will not treat an illegal raccoon.
It is not fair to even ask a vet to treat a raccoon that is illegal.
If a vet would treat an illegal
raccoon, you are putting their job in jeopardy.
most states will confiscate an illegal raccoon and kill it,
topped off with a fine.
RACCOON COLOR VARIATIONS
|Raccoons come in different colors.
(These are the only colors that I know of at this time)
||Brown (common color)
BUYING A RACCOON
|PLEASE make sure you understand the proper needs of a raccoon
prior to buying one.
Have you done extensive research? Are they legal in your state?
Have you talked with raccoon owners?
Raccoons are generally destructive. They can rip your carpet
up, scratch up doors, Open cupboards and pull the contents out of your cupboards.
If you get bored with your raccoon, or find out what a mess they
YOU CANNOT RELEASE THEM INTO THE WILD. They are dependent on you and
will have a hard time fending for themselves. Chances are really
good, a released raccoon will get shot or hit by a car.
Prior to buying a raccoon, please make sure you have done extensive
research. This also means talking with other raccoon owners. A
raccoon is NOT like a dog or cat and should be raised with a lot of
knowledge and understanding of a raccoons disposition.
If you are still considering buying one, then read on:
The average cost of a raccoon is anywhere from $100.00 to $400.00
Make sure you buy a raccoon from a reputable dealer. You should
get one at a very young age. I recommend getting a raccoon that is
still on the bottle.
This helps with the bonding process. Please remember to check
the legality of owning a raccoon in your state, county/city/twp..
Look for the most calmest raccoon in the litter.
DO NOT TAKE A RACCOON FROM THE WILD. Captive born raccoons are
generally more docile than a raccoon from the wild. Also, you will
not know the background of a wild raccoon.
Please do not buy one online, unless you know for sure who the
breeder is. Keep in mind, there are a lot of scams online that
claim they have young raccoons.
please make sure you research who is selling them. In
other words, don't fall prey to the scammers.
if you are looking for a good breeder here are a few:
There is also many raccoon owners on
please feel free to join and ask questions
prior to buying a raccoon.
FEEDING BABY RACCOONS:
Babies on the bottle, should have milk replacement. This can be bought at a farm store or pet store.
NEVER give your raccoon whole milk, can condensed milk.
A good brand of milk replacement is "fox valley" they have
milk replacement specially for raccoons:
Fox valley web site.
Mix 1 part powder to 2 parts warm water. Feed 2-3 teaspoons per four
ounces bodyweight daily, divided into 4 to 6 feedings. Continue
feeding to weaning. Gradually decrease both the quantity of milk
formula and number of feedings per day as weaning approaches.
When the raccoon kit is 4-5 weeks old, you can add some fruit. They
like most berries.
I personally have blended blackberries, grapes, milk formula.
You can add very little honey or syrup in in mix. DO NOT USE SUGAR
FREE SYRUP. Overall, you can try a little bit of different fruits.
Once you get all the ingredients together, mix it in the blender
till is all smooth. Adding some pediatric electrolyte
instead of all water. This will help keep them hydrated. Also,
if when blending a day's worth of formula, you can add an egg to the
blender. Don't keep the the pre-mixed formula for more than24
To get the baby raccoon to
urinate and defecate, you will need to stimulate him/her. I
usually do this before I feed them (that is when they first wake up
from their nap), then again after they eat.
Use the "baby wipes", but, keep a couple paper towels with you. put
the baby on a paper towel.
place him/her in a upright position. then stroke the genital, same
with the rectum in an up and down motion, be gentle. once they start
going, you might want to finish with a paper towel.
If he/she don't go before the bottle feed, then feed him/her first,
then try. If the baby don't drink it's bottle on the first try, it
could be because they need to relieve themselves first.
After you feed the baby raccoon their bottle, put them on your
shoulder and gently tap the top part of his back. (this will help
As they get older, you can offer him/her some
fruit when they are ready to eat. (depending on their age)
Raccoons are generally easy to bottle break. At least mine
When they are off the bottle and ready for food, raccoons will eat almost anything.
Introduce their food slowly. Start with fruit or something soft. You
can mix a little milk with it to start.
Some raccoons bottle break easier than others. Larry (my
oldest raccoon) decided he didn't want the bottle any more, in
just one day. George (my youngest raccoon) wanted his
bottle, and took longer to break him. I kept trying different
foods that he really liked. raw eggs was one of them.
MAIN DIET Raccoons:/
or Turkey cooked
or cooked eggs
|* Minnows can be put
in their play water. They love fishing for them.
SNACKS (KEEP THESE
TO A MINIMUM)
||Marrow bones (dog
The most common food for a raccoon is chicken or fish (beef and pork is not recommended)
A little bit of beef or pork is OK, but not as a daily diet.
FISH: If you catch fish for your raccoon, make sure the fish is
gutted to check for hooks.
Keep in mind, Raccoons are NOT strictly meat eaters. They prefer a
you can feed them once or twice a day. if you feed twice a day, make
the portions smaller.
You can also hide some their food, or scatter it in small bowls
through out their enclosure.
This is what I feed *my adult raccoons:
1. Dry grain-free dog food (I use Taste of the wild or or 4-Health
2. Cooked Chicken thighs (bones and skin removed) I remove the
chicken skins and thigh bones,
then cut it up a little and cook in a pressure cooker for about 3-4
to removing the skin and bone, It comes off easier if you dip the
chicken in warm water first. After the chicken thigh meat is
done in the pressure cooker and cooled, I put it through a meat
grinder. I try to make large batches, and freeze what is left.
After I put the chicken in a container, I fill the container about
3/4 full or a little less, and add water and some chicken broth.
(the chicken stays more moist with liquid and with a better
consistency. Otherwise, the chicken will be a little dry. It
might look a little soupy,
but, it will all soak in after it sits for awhile.
I also mix a little olive oil or coconut oil with their chicken.
Coconut oil is a great supplement, which has many uses. You
can also rub a little coconut oil through their food and skin. (A
little goes a long way)
Raccoons usually like to eat their food using their hand, and the
food is preferred if the food fits in their hand.
3. Try different fruits. Mine usually like watermelon, oranges and
prunes is actually George's favorite.
In the summer, you can give them frozen watermelon. you can make up some
ice cubes and put some fruit pieces in it. Some raccoons will get
bored with the same food everyday, so alternate it when you can.
|The above is altered
daily. They don't get all the above in one day. I will
put a little syrup or peanut butter over the marshmallows
My raccoons gets a small bowl of ice cubes
with watermelon and a little syrup over it. You can try
other fruits, but mine seem to prefer watermelon, some like
grapes, again, alternate and see what their preference is.
There could be days your raccoon will need eat certain
fruits, but, again alternate every couple days.
Corn on the cob is another food they like, but, they don't
get this everyday. I have found if I husk it, break it
in half, and put a little bit of oil on it, my raccoons
seem to prefer it prepared this way.
Raccoons have a sweet tooth. Do not feed them anything that
contains sugar replacement/sugar-free to them. Do not over feed them. They tend to put on weight easy.
They need a lot activity.
Raccoons can get bored with the same food everyday, so it is
good to alternate their food.
Raccoons are not big meat eaters, they don't
all meat diet. I do not suggest a "all meat" diet.
Also, raccoons don't always eat their food all at one time. they
like to scavenge for their food.
You could try putting a couple dishes with a little of their food
It is important to have water next to their food. Some like to dip
their food in water.
Since raccoons are scavengers, putting some of the treats in a wide
mouth bottle, bag, kong, they seem to enjoy working to get their
Raccoons should have a dish of water next to their food.
They will dip their food into the water prior to eating it. They do make a mess. you could put cardboard sheets under
their water and food dish
to make clean up a little easier.
The water dish must be cleaned once or twice a day.
I generally have several water dishes for my raccoons.
They also have a couple large pans of water to play in.
Raccoons love to play in water. So the pans should be something that
they can't knock over.
In their outdoor pen, I use two large "cement mixing pans" These can
be bought at Lowes or Home Depot. The pans do not need to be filled full.
I fill them less about half than half.
I also have a flat log in front of the pans to make it easier for
them to get in. However, raccoons can climb in without the extra
step, but, I just like to make
their set ups as easy as I can for them. Mine seem to prefer the
extra step to get into their pool. Their pool gets changed
everyday. I just dump the water out, and replace it with fresh
water. I have an outdoor faucet and hose in their pen.
(makes it a lot easier to change)
Also, there is a great fountain a
friend made for theirs and mine.
Here is a picture of it, and there is further instructions on my
on how to make it.
Here is he
Direct Link to the instructions. You will have to be a member to
view any pictures, and links.
|Raccoons seem to do better if they have someone to play with.
Mine love my dogs, and will play with them, as long as the dog
willing. My raccoons
prefer playing with the dogs. Helps keep them active.
Raccoons will play with toys, squeaky toys, kongs filled with
treats is good also. I also will put some treats in a wide mouth
plastic bottle. They seem to like the challenge of getting the
Brown paper bags with a little bit of treats in it, keeps them busy for a
If a raccoon is kept occupied, they are less apt to get into as much
My raccoons loves to be petted and scratched, and he loves kisses. However, I
don't advise this, unless you are absolutely sure
your coon is calm.
I feel it is important to have activity for a raccoon. If they get
bored, they are more apt to get into trouble.
Allow your raccoon to be as active as possible. They need room to
If you keep your raccoon confined, then plan on having an aggressive
|Litter training a raccoon is pretty easy. They need to be
started the first day you get him/her.
When I first got mine, I kept them in a 3x4ft cage at night and a
little during the day.
The cage should be large enough for a litter pan, feeding dish and
Put a blanket on half of the cage. On the side where the blanket is,
put a small box for them to sleep/hide in.
The litter pan should be at the opposite side of the cage. The food
dish close to their bedding.
All you need for the litter box is a small litter pan, or small flat
box, line it with newspaper, then put a thin layer of litter.
(no need to fill it like you would for a cat,
raccoons do not bury their feces). If your raccoon is very young
(birth 5/6 weeks old), you can start out by keeping paper towels
near the crate door. At that age, they need to be stimulated,
but, sometimes they will go on their own. However, you should still
stimulate them at birth-5/6 weeks. if you see they are going on
their own and they have not relieved themselves by stimulation, then
they should be OK.
If the raccoon don't use the litter box, put his/her feces in the
litter box. If he/she urinates, soak a little on some newspaper or
paper towel and
put it in the litter box.
When the baby raccoon is out of his/her cage. put the raccoon in the
litter box every couple hours.
I had a pretty easy time with mine. It didn't seem to take long for
them to figure it out.
As your raccoon gets older. Keep a few litter boxes for
him/her. Keep one or two in the house.
and one or two in it's pen. I use those black cement mixer
pans. They are cheaper than a cat litter box,and are larger. I line it with newspapers, and a thin layer of
|Keep in mind, that a young raccoon is VERY destructive.
They might chew electrical cords. Plugged in or not. You
will have to know their every movement.
They can be thieves, and will take whatever they can whenever they
feel like it. They will scratch doors, carpets and can even bore
holes in wood.
This is why they need to be watched their every move. some raccoons
are calmer than others. A lot depends on how they are raised.
As the raccoon gets older,
they seem to be calmer. assuming they have a lot of activity, and a
lot of space.
Remember, raccoons are NOT like dogs and cats, they need to be
raised in a different manor, with a lot of understanding and
If a raccoon is raised properly, it is possible to have a really
If you do not have your raccoon fixed and do not spend much time
with him/her, you will have a very aggressive raccoon.
Assuming you raised your raccoon properly, and your raccoon has a
lot of activity.
They can be really lovable. (not quite like a dog or cat) but,
for an exotic animal they can almost domestic.
Overall, raccoons are curious animals. They want to
This would mean, opening your cupboards, refrigerator, climbing. My
oldest one use to get into mischief, but, my two youngest ones never
Since raccoons love water, you should keep the bathroom off limits.
They will play in the toilet, in the bathtub, open cupboards and
pull everything out. some might not.
However, keep in mind, that if there is a closed door, chance are,
the raccoon will want to see want is behind that door. If they
want in bad enough, they will scratch the door and carpet.
If you are concerned about your doors, you can put some kick plates
on the bottom of the door. This will prevent the raccoon from
scratching any holes in the door.
Raccoons can understand words, as long as a lot of time is spent
Raccoons love water, so anything is "fair game" to them.
If you have a glass of water or whatever, plan on the raccoon
Some raccoons will climb up your drapes, (mine never has)
Basically, depending on the breeding stock you buy one at, it all
boils down to how you raise him/her.
Also, the environment, enrichment and treatment will be a factor in
|I feel it is very important to have an outdoor pen for a
They love the outdoors, but, also love their owners.
Let them have the best of both worlds.
I DO NOT RECOMMEND PUTTING YOUR RACCOON IN ANY TYPE OF CAGE. (with
he exception when you bring him/her home as a baby)
An outdoor pen for an adult raccoon is very convenient, especially when you are not at
home. I do not advise leaving a raccoon in the house when you
are not home. They can be very destructive. Raccoons have
almost human-like hands where they can open cupboards and
refrigerators. They are very curious animals, and will make a
The outdoor pen should have several places where they can hide.
Mine seem to prefer being up high.
If possible, build them something they can climb up and hide in.
Otherwise, wooden box with lots of straw should work.
Give them a couple optional hiding places.
The larger the pen, the better. The more room in the pen, the more
exercise they will get.
The pen should be build with chain link. also a top, and bottom. The
pen I have, is shared with my foxes. I bought a 10x10 dog
kennel chain link fence. Then attached it to my house, which
gave a pen area of 10x20. A doggie door that goes into the house, a
corrugated roof panels. Basically, they have their own room with a
doggie door to their pen, and a tower to climb.
The picture to the left shows their tower. It is accessed from
The top has an enclosed box, below is two more shelves.
The foxes and raccoons love it, they really get a birds eye view.
Each shelf has steps for them to climb.
I hope to enlarge their tower in the near future. whatever it takes
to make them happy is what I try to do.
|I highly recommend neuter/spay your raccoon before they reach a
6-7 months is the ideal age.
If a raccoon is not fixed, you will have a very moody raccoon on
At breeding time, their moods will change drastically.
I have seen and heard of raccoons that were intact, and were very
nasty. They will bite and when they do, I have heard that it
can be very nasty bites. some bites that people
If your raccoon is fixed, you will have a much more pleasant
experience with him/her, assuming you understand their proper needs
and care for them properly.
Remember to have a vet lined up prior to buying your raccoon. Find
out if that vet has experience with
raccoons or is willing to research prior to spay/neutering
them. Also, I highly suggest staying with your raccoon at the
time of spay/neuter, mostly when the surgery is complete and in
I lost a 6 month old raccoon from neuter. I can't be sure, but, from
the description from the vet,
sounds like he was not monitored after the procedure. It was
devastating for me, and I am still upset over the loss of this
wonderful little guy.
This picture is of Larry Jay, the 6 month old that died after
He was very intelligent, such a good guy. He learned to use
"yuppie puppie" machine within 5 minutes.
Here is a partial list of vets that MIGHT treat a raccoon:
|NEVER smack your raccoon. They will not understand.
If your raccoon should show any aggression, tap him/her on the nose
and say "NO".
You could also try scruffing your raccoon with a gentle shake, and
tell him NO.
Eventually, he/she will understand. It will take persistence and
time. If your raccoon don't respond to the "no" use a louder tone of
Once your raccoon learns the word "NO" and assuming he/she is
He/she should listen when he/she is doing something they should not
Mine like to climb on my computer desk. As soon as I say "NO" Larry
would get down.
The good part is, it seems, as they get older, they will calm down a
Of course assuming the raccoon is raised properly and generally not
Some raccoons might not want to be picked up. If you need to pick
your raccoon to move them in their pen or another room, and they
seem bitey, you can push them to the ground and single or double
scruff them and carry them to where you want them. but, you have to
be quick about it.
To ensure you don't get bit, scruff him/her more to the middle of
Keep in mine, "A bored animal is a bad animal"
DO' S AND DON'TS
Do NOT play bite with a raccoon using your hands. use a
Do NOT let young children near your raccoon. It is even
best to not let anyone other than the owner handle the
raccoon. If your raccoon should bite or scratch and that
person needs hospital care, then it could be a sad ending for
the raccoon. I have heard this happen many times (even within
Do NOT take your raccoon for walks in public. You run a risk
of the raccoon biting or scratching a stranger.
This could result in a lawsuit, and the loss of your raccoon.
You cannot put a collar on him/her, even a harness is debatable.
Raccoons can slip through them or manage to take it off.
Also, by having your raccoon in public, you stand a greater chance
of someone complaining.
There are a lot of people out there that feel these animals should
be left in wild.
Do NOT attempt to have their canines removed. This will break
Do NOT take in a raccoon from the wild. (unless your state
if your state does, you could have more of a challenge of raising it.
Do NOT release your raccoon into the wild. If you find you
cannot handle him/her anymore,
try and find a home for it, or take it to a rehab center. Keep in
mind, when re-homing an adult raccoon, they do not re-home easy.
The raccoon will be stressed and confused.
Do NOT get a raccoon if you live in an apartment or rental
Do talk to your raccoon as much as possible. This is small
part of building a bond with him/her.
Do pet/scratch/comb your raccoon, they like that, assuming you
have a good natured raccoon and was raised properly. I use the
stainless steel dog comb on mine.
Do get your raccoon spayed/neutered.
Do extensive research prior to buying a raccoon.
Do check with your state and local area for the legalities of owning a
Do have a large outdoor enclosure for your raccoon.
There are a lot of responsible exotic animal owners out there.
But, the sad part is, there are many people that are NOT. But, there
is also a lot of people that feel all exotic animals should be left
in the wild. Then of course, there is the peta group, that feels no
one should have any animals (even dogs and cats).
We are trying very hard to give information on what it is like
raising exotic animals.
There are people out there that will buy these cute little animals,
then when the animal grows,
these people realize they can't take care of them properly. So
when something goes wrong, the media knows about it. Then it makes
all responsible exotic animal owners look bad.
This in turn, is generating more and more bans state wide.
If you are considering getting a raccoon or any exotic animal,
PLEASE make sure you completely understand their proper needs and
expense. By doing so, this makes life much better for you and
I sincerely hope some of this information has helped. Please pitch in and spread the word to help others.
Thank you for taking the time to read through this. However,
there is still more that needs to be said about raccoons.
Please join my message board to learn more.
Once you sign up, you can post and you can then view all the
pictures. Raccoon topic is under "little critters/raccoons"
|This care sheet was written by Pat
(owner of Sybils Den) Information provided was based on my
experience with raccoons.
|This care sheet was written by Pat
(owner of Sybils Den) Information provided was based on my
experience with raccoons. Please feel free to join my
message board for even more information.