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Basic Information on Llamas
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Llamas Brief History llama

Camelids (camels/Llamas/Alpacas) first appeared on the Central Plains of North America about 40 million years ago. About 3 million years ago, llamas' ancestors migrated to South America.

Llamas were first domesticated and used as pack animals 4,000 to 5,000 years ago by Indians in the Peruvian highlands.

Native community have used llamas  as pack animals for years.
They are saddled with loads of 50 to 75 pounds. Llama can cover up to 20 miles in a day.  This could include several hundred animals to move large amounts of goods.

Llamas generally are willing to be pack animals, however if a llama is  overloaded with with weight, they will refuse to move.
A llama will just lay down, and if really agitated, they may even spit, hiss or possibly kick their owners. If the owner lightens the load, the llama will then get up and  move on.

Llamas Information
Life span: Average of about 20 years.
Height: About 45 inches at the shoulder, and stand about 5ft 5" to the head.
Weight: 250 to 350 pounds.
Gestation: 11 to 12 months
Birth: one cria (baby) is born usually without assistance.   
Cria Weight: about 18 to 35 pounds and begin nursing within 90 minutes.  
Weaned: Around 5 to 6 months.

Llamas Characteristics

Llamas graze on grass and regurgitate their food and chew it's cud as does cattle and sheep. Llamas can survive on different kinds of plants and can survive on little water if need be. Overall, llamas are pretty durable animals. but, there are a few problems that could arrive if not treated.

Llamas have a three-compartment stomach, they "chew their cud" as do cattle and sheep.
They can be kept on a variety of pastures of hay.  Llamas can eat about 4 bales of hay per month.

Over all, llamas are intelligent animals and are easy to train. They accept a harness pretty easy. They also learn pretty quickly on being led, loaded in and out of a vehicle (if need be) pulling a cart or carrying a pack.

Llamas are generally pretty social animals, and prefer companionship of their species.  Llamas are independent, but are also shy. Llamas are gentle and can be curious.  Due to their curiosity, they sometimes will come close to strangers to sniff them. However, llamas don't really like to be petted  like some other animals do.
but, will accept being petted on their neck and back. Some llamas accept this  more than others. Llamas rarely bite or kick, unless provoked.  (Mine never did)

Llamas communicates with a series of ear, body and tail postures.

Llamas do spit, only when they are very annoyed or feel threatened , but, mostly with another llama. I personally, I  have never had any of my llamas spit on me. 

Llamas also  make good pets. They are generally predictable, and calm to new situations.   They get along with just about any other species. I have never seen any of my llamas show any type of aggression. 

Llamas have been used as therapy animals because of their calming effects.  Llamas are also used as 4H projects, scouts and other groups. 
Llamas are also used for their wool and is crafted into ropes, rugs and fabrics

Llamas bathroom habits are in the form of "pellet" size. (similar to deer) generally are odorless and  use what is called a "dung pile" which  means they generally use one spot which will create a small pile.  Many llamas also are good about not starting a "dunk pile in their house. (assuming they have access outside)

Their wool actually has a pleasant. I have never smelled any bad odor on my llamas. 

Llama care sheet
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