Regulations can change. Please check with your state prior to buying any
Administration Code 220-2-.26
No person, firm, corporation, partnership or association
may possess, sell, offer for sale, import or cause to be
brought or imported into the state the following fish or
animals: fish from the genus Clarias; fish from the
genus Serrasalmus; Black carp; any species of mongoose,
any member of the family Cervidae (deer, elk, moose,
caribou), species of coyote, fox, raccoon, skunk, wild
rodents or wild turkey.
Species listed as not being legal to own or import under
this law are:
tame or wild
all wild rabbits or hare species
FISH that are members of the Clarias genus, including
Walking Catfish, fish that are members of the
Serrasalmus genus, including Piranha, and fish of the
Mylopharyngodon genus, including Black Carp. Members of
the Acipenser genus, including Sturgeon can be legally
released, for sale or import if the necessary permits
are in place, other wise they are also prohibited. Also,
Chinese Perch, Snakeheads, Mud Carp and Black Herring
cannot be in possession, be released or be available for
sale or import in the State of Alabama.
They have a list of exotic animals
that can be possessed it is very short but reptiles
are allowed. Residents can petition to get a species
The list of things you can have includes: This list
of species includes dogs, cats, sheep, goats, cattle
and horses, chimpanzees, oxen, guinea pigs, camels,
llamas, reindeer, alpaca, mules and asses, swine and
ferrets, white rats, European rabbits, mice,
gerbils, hamsters, chinchillas, hedgehogs, pigeons,
chickens, turkeys, pheasant, guineas, canaries and
cavies, plus certain birds and most reptiles.
Summary of Law: No person may possess, import,
release, export, or assist in importing, releasing,
or exporting, live game animals as "pets." Live game
animals are defined as any species of bird, reptile,
and mammal, including a feral domestic animal, found
or introduced in the state, except domestic birds
and mammals. The Department interprets live game to
include all animals, including exotics, such as wild
felines, wolves, bears, monkeys, etc., not listed as
domestic under Alaska Admin. Code tit. 5. §92.029.
Citation: ALASKA ADMIN. CODE tit. 5. §92.029; ALASKA
Do not drive through with a banned animal or they
will confiscate. No pet permits so all listed banned
Summary of Law: Persons possessing restricted
wildlife must obtain a wildlife holding permit to
lawfully possess the animal. The Department issues
wildlife holding permits to:
(1) individuals who
legally possess restricted live wildlife and are
moving into the state,
(2) for educational display,
(3) or advancement of science (4)
to foster an
animal unable to return to the wild. Persons already
residing in Arizona are not permitted to possess
restricted live wildlife as "pets" unless they
qualify for a permit. Restricted live wildlife
includes, but is not limited to the following
species: all species of Carnivora (canines, felines,
excluding domestic); orangutans, chimpanzees,
gorillas, alligators, crocodiles, cobras, vipers,
etc. However, you can possess all other non-infant
primates as "pets" if the animal is free from any
Citation: ARIZ. COMP. ADMIN R. & REGS. R12-4-406;
R12-4-409; R12-4-417; R12-4-425; R12-4-426
See full code here
1. All species of the genus
Didelphis. Common name: American
2. All species of the order
Insectivora. Common names include:
Insectivores, shrews, hedgehogs,
tenrecs, solenodonts, and moles;
3. All species of the order
Chiroptera. Common name: bats;
4. All species of the family
Pongidae of the order Primates.
Common names include: orangutans,
5. All species of the order
Xenarthra. Common names include:
edentates; or sloths, anteaters, and
6. All species of the order
Lagomorpha, except the genus
Oryctolagus. Common names include:
pikas, rabbits, and hares. Genus
Oryctolagus, containing domestic
rabbits, is not wildlife;
7. All species of the following
families of the order Rodentia.
Common name: rodents.
a. The family Sciuridae. Common
names: squirrels, chipmunks,
marmots, woodchucks, and prairie
b. The family Geomyidae. Common
name: pocket gophers;
c. The family Castoridae. Common
d. The family Erethizontidae. Common
name: New World porcupines; and
e. The family Capromyidae. Common
names include: hutias, coypus, or
8. All species of the order
Carnivora. Common names include:
carnivores, skunks, raccoons, bears,
foxes, and weasels; and
9. All species of the following
families of the order Artiodactyla.
Common name: even-toed ungulates.
a. The family Tayassuidae. Common
b. The family Cervidae. Common names
include: cervid; or deer, elk,
moose, wapiti, and red deer;
c. The family Antilocapridae. Common
name: pronghorn; and
d. The family Bovidae. Common names
include: cattle, buffalo, bison,
oxen, duikers, antelopes, gazelles,
goats, and sheep, except that the
following are not restricted:
i. The genus Bubalus. Common name:
water buffalo; and
ii. The genus Bison. Common name:
bison, American bison or buffalo.
H. Birds listed below are restricted
live wildlife as defined in
1. The following species within the
family Phasianidae. Common names:
partridges, grouse, turkeys, quail,
a. Callipepla gambelii. Common name:
b. Callipepla squamata. Common name:
c. Colinus virginianus. Common name:
northern bobwhite. Restricted only
in game management units 34A, 36A,
36B, and 36C as prescribed in
d. Cyrtonyx montezumae. Common name:
Montezuma, harlequin or Mearn's
e. Dendragapus obscurus. Common
name: blue grouse; and
2. The species Rhynchopsitta
pachyrhyncha. Common name:
I. Reptiles listed below are
restricted live wildlife as defined
1. All species of the order
Crocodylia. Common names include:
gavials, caimans, crocodiles, and
2. The following species of the
order Testudines. Common names
include: turtles and tortoises;
a. All species of the family
Chelydridae. Common name: snapping
b. All species of the genus Gopherus.
Common name: gopher tortoises,
including the desert tortoise; and
3. All species of the following
families or genera of the order
a. The family Helodermatidae. Common
names include: Gila monster and
Mexican beaded lizard;
b. The family Elapidae. Common names
include: cobras, mambas, coral
snakes, kraits, and Australian
c. The family Hydrophiidae. Common
name: sea snakes;
d. The family Viperidae. Common
names include: true vipers and pit
vipers, including rattlesnakes;
e. The family Atractaspidae. Common
name: burrowing asps; and
f. The following species and genera
of the family Colubridae:
i. Dispholidus typus. Common name:
ii. Thelotornis kirtlandii. Common
names include: bird snake or twig
iii. Rhabdophis. Common name:
iv. Boiga irregularis. Common name:
brown tree snake.
J. Amphibians listed below are
restricted live wildlife as defined
in R12-4-401. The following species
within the order Anura, common names
frogs and toads.
1. All species of the genus Xenopus.
Common name: clawed frogs;
2. The species Bufo horribilis, Bufo
marinus, Bufo paracnemis. Common
names include: giant or marine
3. All species of the genus Rana.
Common names include: leopard frogs
and bullfrogs. Bullfrogs possessed
under A.R.S. § 17-102 are exempt.
K. Fish listed below are restricted
live wildlife as defined in
1. Arctic grayling, the species
2. Bass, all species of the family
3. Bighead carp, the species
4. Black carp, the species
5. Bony tongue, the species Arapaima
6. Bowfin, the species Amia calva;
7. Catfish, all species of the
8. Crucian carp, the species
9. Electric catfish, the species
10. Electric eel, the species
11. European whitefish or ide, the
species Leuciscus idus and Idus idus;
12. Freshwater drum, the species
13. Freshwater stingrays, all
species of the family
14. Gars, all species of the family
15. Goldeye, mooneye, and all
species of the family Hiodontidae;
16. Herring, all species of the
17. Indian carp, all of the species
Catla catla, Cirrhina mrigala, and
18. Lampreys, all species of the
19. Nile perch, all species of the
genus Lates and Luciolates;
20. Pike or pickerels, all species
of the family Esocidae;
21. Pike topminnow, the species
22. Piranha, all species of the
genera Serrasalmus, Serrasalmo,
Rooseveltiella, and Pygopristis;
23. Rudd, the species Scardinius
24. Shad, all species of the family
Clupeidae except threadfin shad,
species Dorosoma petenense;
25. Sharks, all species, both marine
and freshwater, of the orders
Lamniformes, and Carcharhiniformes,
except for all species of the
Orectolobidae, Brachaeluridae, and
Triakidae; genera of the family
Haploblepharus, Poroderma, and
Scyliorhinus; and genera of the
family Parascylliidae, including
Cirroscyllium and Parascyllium;
26. Silver carp, the species
27. Snakehead, all species of the
28. South American parasitic
catfish, all species of the family
Trichomycteridae and Cetopsidae;
29. Sunfish, all species of the
30. Temperate basses of the family
31. Tetras, all species of the genus
32. Tiger fish, the species Hoplias
33. Trout, all species of the family
34. White amur or grass carp, the
species Ctenopharyngodon idella;
35. Walking or airbreathing catfish,
all species of the family Clariidae;
36. Walleye, and pike perches, all
species of the family Percida.
L. Crustaceans listed below are
restricted live wildlife as defined
1. Asiatic mitten crab, the species
Eriocheir sinensis; and
2. Australian crayfish and all
freshwater species within the
families Astacidae, Cambaridae, and
M. Mollusks listed below are
restricted live wildlife as defined
1. Asian clam, the species Corbicula
2. New Zealand mud snail, the
species Potamopyrgus antipodarum;
3. Quagga mussel, the species
4. Rosy wolfsnail, the species
Euglandina rosea; and
5. Zebra mussel, the species
Summary of Law: It is unlawful to own or possess a
large carnivore for personal possession. A large
carnivore is defined as a lion, tiger or bear. It is
unlawful to possess 6 or more bobcat, coyote, deer, gray
fox, red fox, opossum, quail, rabbit, raccoon and
squirrel. If a person wishes to possess other animals
not originally from the state and not listed above then
the person must show upon request verification that the
animal was legally acquired in the previous state. USDA
licensed people are among the exemptions in §20-19-503
Arkansas Code Annotated §20-19-501 through §20-19-511 &
Native pets allowed: bobcat, coyote, deer, gray fox, red
fox, opossum, quail, rabbit, raccoon and squirrel
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission Code Book -
Section 15.41 Native Wildlife Pets
Section 15.37 and 15.38 on Importation from another
(they ban importation of foxes from 19 states: (Gray and
red foxes that originate or have lived in Alaska,
Arizona, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota,
Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York,
North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont,
Wisconsin, Wyoming or Canada.).
notes: No permit needed; one time $25 "importation
permit" to bring in a fox from out of state. Arkansas
also allows you to catch a fox in the wild to keep as a
pet (section 15.41 A). Also, limit of 6 foxes per
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to possess
wild animals unless the animal was in possession prior
to January 1992. Wild animals include, but are not
limited to the following orders: Primates; Marsupialia;
Insectivora (shrews); Chiroptera (bats); Carnivora
(non-domestic dog and cats); Proboscidea (elephants);
Perissodactyla (zebras, horses, rhinos); Reptilia
(crocodiles, cobras, coral snakes, pit vipers, snapping
turtles, alligators); etc. Most everything even gerbils
Citation: CAL. CODE REGS. Tit. 14, §671 and §671.1
http://www.animallaw.info/administrativ ... crs671.htm
Permits require 2 years experience with the species and
they can not be pets, other restrictions apply.
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to possess
most exotic species unless it is for commercial
purposes. Persons may, however, possess up to 6 live
native reptiles, and unregulated wildlife. Unregulated
wildlife includes but is not limited to: sugar gliders,
wallabies, wallaroos, kangaroos, etc.
Colorado Code Regulation 2 CCR 406-0 through Colorado
Code Regulation 2 CCR 406-11
2 CCR 406-8
It is illegal for anyone to possess most exotic animals
for private purposes.
Individuals can possess up to 6 native reptiles as well
as unregulated native wildlife but that these animals
can not be bartered, sold or traded.
Unregulated wildlife are domestic animals. This includes
domestic dogs, cats, horses, sheep, swine, cattle,
goats, mules, burros, mink, gerbils, hamsters,
chinchillas, mice and rats. Also included in this list
are European rabbits, chickens, ducks and geese,
turkeys, European ferrets, guinea fowl, pigeons,
peafowl, ostrich, rhea, emu, llama, alpaca, reindeer,
camels and yaks, marine life except for anadromous and
catadromous species, hedgehogs, sugar gliders, wallaby,
short-tailed possum, wallaroo and kangaroo, All tropical
and subtropical fish and birds, giant snakes, modern
snakes, file and elephant trunk snakes, sunbeam and pipe
snakes and shield-tailed snakes, tropical and
sub-tropical lizards, frogs and toads.
Commercial possession might be allowed with permits
under strict regulations.
The whole list of regulations can be found here:
http://www.sos.state.co.us/CCR/Numerica ... 20Wildlife
Citation: CONN. GEN. STAT. §26-40a, §26-55, §26-55-2,
Banned "dangerous" species include: felidae, canidae,
ursidae, cercopithecidae, hylobatidae and pongidae
families. Members of the cercopithecidae family on this
list are macaques and baboons, hylobatidae family
members on this list are the gibbons and members of the
pongidae family are the orangutans, chimpanzees and
Reptiles are also on this list and are included in the
families of alligatoridae, crocodylidae, elapidae,
viperidae, crotalidea, gavialidea and dendrobatidae.
Exotic animals from these families are caimans,
alligators, crocodiles, gavials, cobras, coral snakes,
adders, vipers, cottonmouths, copperheads, rattlesnakes
and poison arrow frogs.
Domestic cats and dogs are exempted as are certified
Connecticut General Statute Â§26-55 states that it is
illegal for anyone to possess, import or liberate any
amphibian, fish, reptile, wild bird or quadruped without
a permit issued by the Connecticut Commissioner of
Connecticut General Statute Â§26-57 states that it is
illegal for anyone to transport or export any bird,
quadraped, fish, reptile or amphibian within or out of
the State of Connecticut without a permit from the
Connecticut Commissioner of Environmental Protection if
there is a closed season provided for the animal.
Summary of Law: All persons must obtain a permit
before they can possess a live wild mammal or hybrid of
a wild animal. It is illegal to possess, sell, or
exhibit any poisonous snake not native to or generally
found in Delaware.
DEL. CODE ANN tit. 3 §7201, DEL. CODE ANN tit. 3 §7202
and DEL. CODE ANN tit. 3 §7203.
DEL. CODE ANN tit. 3 §7201 any species not native to the
state needs a permit for possession from Delaware
Department of Agriculture. All native venomous snakes
are banned under any circumstances.
DEL. CODE ANN tit. 3 §7202 Covers the permit info
DEL. CODE ANN tit. 3 §7203 what happens if you break the
Florida Administrative Code Annotated r. §68A-6.0021 :
After August 1,1980 these animals may not be kept in the
State of Florida for personal use: Chimpanzees,
Gorillas, Gibbons, Drills and Mandrills, Orangutans,
Baboons, Siamangs, Gelada Baboons, Snow Leopards,
Leopards, Jaguars, Tigers, Lions, Bears, Rhinooceros,
Elephants, Hippopotamuses, Cape Buffaloes, Crocodiles,
Gavials, Black Caimans and Komodo Dragons. This Florida
Exotic Animal Law or code also states that it is
unlawful to receive any wild animal from an entity that
is not permitted for said animal. Wild animals that are
bought, sold or transferred from an entity that is
lawfully permitted must have transfer papers that are
completed with the name, address and permit number that
pertains to the specific exotic animal.
Florida Administrative Code Annotated r. §68A-6.0022 :
states what is legal concerning possessing captive
wildlife and the permits that are required. It is not
necessary to have a permit for possession of certain
wild animals. These wild animals are rats, mice,
gerbils, hedgehogs, reptiles, amphibians, canaries,
shell parakeets, moles, shrews, squirrels, rabbits,
chipmunks, lovebirds, ferrets, guinea pigs, cockadels,
parrots, hamsters, parrots, finches, myna birds,
toucans, doves, button quail, prairie dogs and
chinchillas. This code also states that person wishing
to sell hamsters, domestic mice and rates, guinea pigs,
chameleon and gerbils are not required to have a permit.
Applicant must be at least 16 years old, have completed
a questionnaire, have met the experience and examination
requirements and have the required housing for the
animals in question. References are also required.
Persons applying for a permit to possess Howler monkeys,
Uakaris, Mangabeys, Guenons, Bearded sakis, Guereaza monkeys, Celebes black apes, Idris, Macaques, Langurs,
Douc langurs, Snub-nosed langurs, Proboscis monkeys,
Servals, European and Canadian lynx, Cougars, panthers,
bobcats, cheetahs, caracals, African golden cats,
Temmminck's golden cats, fishing cats, ocelots, clouded
leopards, coyotes, gray wolves, red wolves, asiadc
jackals, black-backed jackals, side-striped jackals,
Indian dholes, African hunting dogs, wolverines, honey
badgers, American badgers, Old World badgers,
Binturongs, hyenas, dwarf crocodiles, alligators,
cainans, ostrich or cassowary must pass a questionnaire
that assesses their knowledge of behavioral
characteristics, nutrition and general husbandry and
must be at least 18 years old. Applicants for any permit
must not have been convicted of any violations
concerning wildlife or cruelty to animals within three
years of applying for the permit. Experience and
education are also important aspects to the permit
Citation: FLA. ADMIN. CODE ANN. r. §68A-6.002,
§68A-6.0021, and §68A-6.0022
More detailed info on class II and III the pet classes.
Class I can not be kept as pets and need to be USDA
licensed and exhibited.
See more info including current lists at the above link.
There are also some species prohibited (such as pouched
rats) or that are restricted (conditional use) which can
be checked at above link as well.
Florida state law is that no local government can
regulate wildlife or exotics. It's possible the two
mentioned cities had laws before hand and are
grandfathered in Like Miami and pitbulls(state laws also
says no local gov can pass a breed ban but Miami is
grandfathered so has a pitbull ban.
That Don't Require Permits
suppled by "cainesrock" (sybils
message board member)
|(a) Reptiles, amphibians (nonvenomous,
(b) Gerbils, hedgehogs
(c) Honey possums, sugar gliders,
(d) Shell parakeets
(e) Rats and mice
(g) Moles; shrews
(i) Squirrels; chipmunks
(j) Ferrets (domestic; European)
(l) Guinea pigs
(q) Myna birds
(s) Doves; ringed, ruddy, and diamond
(t) Button quail
(u) Prairie dogs
Additional Information: Exotic wildlife listed in all
Classes except Class I are legal at the
state level of Florida, but not in Fort
Lauderdale or Palm Beach Florida.
The laws are detailed below however the list here says
all carnivores are banned or need a permit
A wild animal is any species not native to the state and
not a common domestic
http://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/201 ... -1/27-1-2/
(75) "Wild animal" means any animal which is not
wildlife and is not normally a domestic species in this
state. This term specifically includes any hybrid or
cross between any combination of a wild animal,
wildlife, and a domestic animal. Offspring from all
subsequent generations of such crosses or hybrids are
(f) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a wild
animal license or permit is required for the possession
of any wild animal listed in subsection (b) of Code
Section 27-5-5 or as required by regulation of the
http://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/201 ... -5/27-5-5/
Wild animals that need a permit
Citation: GA. CODE ANN. §27-5-4 and §27-5-5
Georgia Code Annotated §27-5-4 it is illegal to
transfer, import, sell, transport, possess or purchase
without a license or permit the following wild or exotic
animals: kangaroos, gibbons, chimpanzees, gorillas,
orang-utans, siamangs, macaques, mandrills, baboons,
drills and gelada baboons. It is also illegal to possess
dingos, wolves, jackals, red dogs, maned wolves, African
hunting dogs, bears, wolverines, hyenas, lions, tigers,
leopards, jaguars, cheetah, Elephants, rhinoceroses,
warthog, hippopotamus, elands, nilgais, kouprey, African
buffalo, sable, gemsbok, addax and hartebeests,
crocodiles, gavials, alligators, caimans, cobras, coral
snakes, adders, vipers, pit vipers, Gila monsters,
bearded lizards, tetra, piranha, parasitic catfish,
cartilaginous fish, toads, bony fish, carp, catfish,
snakeheads and fresh-water stingrays, opossum,
wallabies, shrews, moles, flying lemurs, bats, monkeys,
apes, sloths, armadillos, anteaters, rabbits, hares,
rats and mice must also have permits for these animals.
Whales, dolphins, weasels, ferrets, conies, manatees,
dugong, as well as llamas, hawks, eagles, vultures,
turkeys, monk parakeet, cuckoos, owls, larks, skylarks,
bulbuls, thrushes, blackbirds, white eyes, buntings,
sparrows, weavers, finches, quelas, weavers, grackles,
orioles, waxbills, munias, ricebirds, starlings, mynas,
crows and ravens.
Permits require you to be 18, have liability insurance,
must be USDA, no pet permits.
O.C.G.A. § 27-1-2 (31)
http://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/201 ... -1/27-1-2/
(31) "Fur-bearing animals" means the following animals:
mink, otter, raccoon, fox, opossum, muskrat, skunk,
bobcat, and weasel.
(75) "Wild animal" means any animal which is not
wildlife and is not normally a domestic species in this
state. This term specifically includes any hybrid or
cross between any combination of a wild animal,
wildlife, and a domestic animal. Offspring from all
subsequent generations of such crosses or hybrids are
28-5-4(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to import,
transport, transfer, sell, purchase or possess any wild
animal ... without first obtaining a wild animal license
from the department... (b) Wild animal licenses will be
issued only to persons engaged in the wholesale or
retail wild animal business or persons exhibiting wild
animals to the public."
(77) "Wildlife" means any vertebrate or invertebrate
animal life indigenous to this state or any species
introduced or specified by the board and includes fish,
except domestic fish produced by aquaculturists
registered under Code Section 27-4-255, mammals, birds,
fish, amphibians, reptiles, crustaceans, and mollusks or
any part thereof.
(23) "Domestic species" means those taxa of animals
which have traditionally lived in a state of dependence
on and under the dominion and control of man and have
been kept as tame pets, raised as livestock, or used for
commercial breeding purposes, including, but not limited
to, dogs, cats, horses, cattle, ratites, and chickens.
Animals which live in a captive or tame state and which
lack a genetic distinction from members of the same
taxon living in the wild are presumptively wild animals
(b) The ownership of, jurisdiction over,
and control of all wildlife, as defined
in this title, are declared to be in the
State of Georgia, in its sovereign
capacity, to be controlled, regulated,
and disposed of in accordance with this
title....and shall not be reduced to
The exceptions are zoos and universities and the like
not for pets.
Illegal animals will be seized and disposed of or sold
http://law.justia.com/codes/georgia/201 ... 1/27-1-21/
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to
introduce exotic animals for private use into Hawaii.
Exotic animals include, but are not limited to: Felidae
family (lion, leopard, cheetah,); the Canidae family
(wolf and coyote); and the Ursidae family (black bear,
grizzly bear, and brown bear), etc.
Citation: HAW. ADMIN. RULES §4-71-5, §4-71-6, §4-71-6.1,
Hawaii Administrative Rules §4-71-5
Requires a quarantine on almost everything
Hawaii Administrative Rules §4-71-6
Bans any dog crossed with a coyote, wolf, jackal, dingo,
fox, African wild dog, dhole, bush dog, racoon dog or
hybrid dog or pure non-domestics. Cats crossed with
ocelot, lynx, margay, jaguar, puma, leopard, bobcat wild
cat or cat hybrid are also prohibited, or pure
non-domestics. Other animals on this list are bats,
flying foxes, wild hares, rodents with the exception of
Chinese mice, gerbils, hamsters and rats.
Hawaii Administrative Rules §4-71-6.5 requires permits
for any non-domestic species.
Summary of Law: All species of mammals, birds, or
reptiles that are found in the wild and are not species
of special concern may be held in captivity without a
permit so long as the possessor retains proof that the
animal was lawfully obtained. In addition, before
bringing an animal into the state an owner must obtain
an import permit and comply with specific caging
requirements for the animal.
Citation: IDAHO CODE §36-701
As a general rule import permits for exotics are not
issued. The rules are very tight. This is effectively a
ban state unless the species is already in the state.
No person may harbor, care for, act as a custodian,
or maintain in his possession any dangerous animal
except at a properly maintained zoological park,
federally licensed exhibit, circus, scientific or
educational institution, research laboratory, veterinary
hospital or animal refuge. "Dangerous animal" means a
lion, tiger, leopard, ocelot, jaguar, cheetah, margay,
mountain lion, lynx, bobcat, jaguarundi, bear, hyena,
wolf, coyote, or any poisonous life-threatening reptile.
However, there are no state requirements for a person
possessing non-human primates and other exotic species
not defined as "dangerous animals." Cages must be escape
Citation: ILL. REV STAT, ch. 720, para. 585/0.1, 585/1,
585/2, and 585/3
Breeder permit needed for fur bearing animals.
"Fur-bearing mammals" means the following specific
species, mink, muskrat, raccoon, striped skunk, weasel,
bobcat, opossum, beaver, river otter, badger, red fox,
gray fox, and coyote.
Illinois Wildlife Code Chapter 520 ILCS Section 5/3.25
http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/il ... dlife+Code.
All persons who possess a dangerous exotic animal must
obtain a permit for each animal they possess. Dangerous
exotic animal includes the following animals: lions,
tigers, jaguars, cougars, panthers, cheetahs, wolves,
coyotes, jackals, hyenas, bears, venomous reptiles,
alligators, crocodiles, gorillas, bonobos, orangutans,
Burmese pythons, reticulated pythons, green and yellow
anacondas, etc. However, there are no state requirements
for private possession of monkeys.
Indiana Code Annotated 4-22-2 permits zoological parks,
licensed commercial animal dealers, carnival and
circuses to posses dangerous animals with proper
permits. $10 per permit and they musty be approved by
Citation: IND. CODE ANN. §14-22-26-1-§14-22-26-6
You need a permit for fur-bearer's in Indiana
"Only raccoons, red foxes, gray foxes, and coyotes can
be retained alive during the trapping season for that
species. Furbearers kept alive during the season must be
euthanized at the completion of the season or you will
need to apply for a game breeder license or wild animal
possession permit within 5 days after the close of the
season to continue to keep them alive."
Wild game possession permits info, fox are class II
http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/files/fw ... wChart.pdf
Actual regulations for possessing wildlife
http://www.in.gov/dnr/fishwild/files/fw ... mitReg.pdf
A person shall not own, possess or breed a dangerous
5. a. “Dangerous wild animal” means any of the
(1) A member of the family canidae of the order
carnivora, including but not limited to wolves, coyotes,
and jackals. However, a dangerous wild animal does not
include a domestic dog.
(2) A member of the family hyaenidae of the order of
carnivora, including but not limited to hyenas.
(3) A member of the family felidae of the order
carnivora, including but not limited to lions, tigers,
cougars, leopards, cheetahs, ocelots, and servals.
However, a dangerous wild animal does not include a
(4) A member of the family ursidae of the order
carnivora, including bears and pandas.
(5) A member of the family rhinocero tidae order
perissodactyla, which is a rhinoceros.
(6) A member of the order proboscidea, which are any
species of elephant.
(7) A member of the order of primates other than humans,
and including the following families: callitrichiadae,
cebidae, cercopithecidae, cheirogaleidae, daubentoniidae,
galagonidae, hominidae, hylobatidae, indridae, lemuridae,
loridae, megaladapidae, or tarsiidae. A member includes
but is not limited to marmosets, tamarins, monkeys,
lemurs, galagos, bushbabies, great apes, gibbons, lesser
apes, indris, sifakas, and tarsiers.
(8) A member of the order crocodilia, including but not
limited to alligators, caimans, crocodiles, and gharials.
(9) A member of the family varanidae of the order
squamata, which are limited to water monitors and
(10) A member of the order squamata which is any of the
(a) A member of the family varanidae, which are limited
to water monitors and crocodile monitors.
(b) A member of the family atractaspidae, including but
not limited to mole vipers and burrowing asps.
(c) A member of the family helodermatidae, including but
not limited to beaded lizards and gila monsters.
(d) A member of the family elapidae, voperidae,
crotalidae, atractaspidae, or hydrophidae which are
venomous, including but not limited to cobras, mambas,
coral snakes, kraits, adders, vipers, rattlesnakes,
copperheads, pit vipers, keelbacks, cottonmouths, and
(e) A member of the superfamily henophidia, which are
limited to reticulated pythons, anacondas, and African
(11) Swine which is a member of the species sus scrofa
linnaeus, including but not limited to swine commonly
known as Russian boar or European boar of either sex.
b. “Dangerous wild animal” includes an animal which is
the offspring of an animal provided in paragraph “a”,
and another animal provided in that paragraph or any
other animal. It also includes animals which are the
offspring of each subsequent generation. However, a
dangerous wild animal does not include the offspring of
a domestic dog and a wolf, or the offspring from each
subsequent generation in which at least one parent is a
717F.3 no dangerous animal may be brought into or
through the state.
IOWA CODE ANN §717F.1-.13
20. A person who keeps a dangerous wild animal pursuant
to all of the following conditions:
a. The person is licensed by the United States
department of agriculture as provided in 9 C.F.R. ch. I.
b. The person is registered by the department of
agriculture and land stewardship. Upon a complaint filed
with the department of agriculture and land stewardship,
the department may inspect the premises or investigate
the practices of the registered person and suspend or
revoke the registration for the same causes and in the
same manner as provided in section 162.12.
7. A person who has been issued a wildlife
rehabilitation permit by the department of natural
resources pursuant to section 481A.65.
You can not keep animals from the wild only rehab and
release but long as you have papers proving your
"dangerous animal" came from a breeder and is not wild
then you can keep it under this exemption as you have
the license that exempts you but the animal is not
governed by it since from a breeder. (Thank you the
The_Unstable (sybils message board
member) for talking to the DNR and State vet to get
this info, cleared up).
WILDLIFE, you need a game breeder permit for wild life
like fur-bearers, does not apply to domesticated fur
animals, however fox are still banned under the first
law as it is newer and bans all canidae.
http://law.justia.com/codes/iowa/2011/t ... subtitle6/
20. Fur-bearing animals means the following which are
declared to be fur-bearing animals for the purpose of
regulation and protection under the Code: beaver,
badger, mink, otter, muskrat, raccoon, skunk, opossum,
spotted skunk or civet cat, weasel, coyote, bobcat,
wolf, groundhog, red fox, and gray fox. This chapter
does not apply to domesticated fur-bearing animals.
36. Wild animal means a wild mammal, bird, fish,
amphibian, reptile, or other wildlife found in this
state, whether game or nongame, migratory or
nonmigratory, the ownership and title to which is
claimed by this state.
37. Wild mammal means a member of the class Mammalia.
http://law.justia.com/codes/iowa/2011/t ... a/481a-38/
Illegal to posses wildlife
http://law.justia.com/codes/iowa/2011/t ... a/481a-61/
1. Except as otherwise provided by law, a licensed game
breeder whose original stock is obtained from a lawful
source may possess any game bird, game animal, or
fur-bearing animal, or any of their parts. Possession
and use of the game birds, game animals, or fur-bearing
animals obtained from a licensed game breeder are
2. Fur-bearing animals shall not be acquired for
breeding or propagating purposes from any source unless
they have been pen-raised for at least two successive
Summary of Law: No person may possess or breed a
dangerous regulated animal as a "pet." Dangerous
regulated animals include the following: lion, tiger,
leopard, jaguar, cheetah, mountain lion, hybrid of a
large cat, bear, or venomous snake. Persons who are
licensed by the United States Department of Agriculture
and hold an Animal Welfare Act license are exempt as
well as zoos accredited by the American Zoo and Aquarium
Association, a wildlife sanctuary, research facility,
Citation: KAN. STAT. ANN §32-1301-32-1312
Kansas Administrative Regulation 115-20-3 states that
exotic animals can be legally possessed, sold, imported,
bought or sold in the state of Kansas as long as the
exotic animal in was legally purchased, raised, captured
or exported. This regulation also continues on to state
that there is no limit to the number or time that one
may possess exotic animals. Exotic animals must be under
control and confined at all times and are to never be
released into the wild. This regulation also defines
exotic animals as those animals that are not native or
indigenous to the State of Kansas or are non-migratory.
Kansas Administrative Regulation 115-20-4 states that
anyone possessing an exotic animal in Kansas must get a
permit if the exotic animal is a mountain lion, wolf,
black bear or grizzly bear. Anyone can apply for a
permit to posses one of these exotic animals as long as
they provide their name, address, telephone number, the
species of the exotic animal, the number of exotic
animals that they will possess, the reason they are
possessing them, proof of their purchase and any other
information that the secretary may request. Also
included in this regulation is the stipulation that a
report must be submitted to the governing department
which would describe any change in the exotic animal's
possession within five days of the said change, with the
exception of an escape which must be reported within 24
hours. These changes include a sale of possessed exotic
animals, a purchase of an exotic animal, a death of an
exotic animal or an escape of an exotic animal.
The mentioned section lists the banned species which you
can find on the link.
Section 4. Exotic Wildlife. Unless
listed in Section 3(1) of this
administrative regulation, or otherwise
protected by state or federal law,
exotic wildlife shall not:
(1) Be classified as protected wildlife;
(2) Require a permit from the department
Import permit needed for any species unless listed in
section 6 at above link
Coyotes, skunks, raccoons and foxes can not be imported
into the state of Kentucky.
Fox Listed as:
(b) Foxes (Vulpes spp; Alopex lagopus; Urocyon
Summary of Law: No
person may possess
bears, cougars, or
non-human primates as
"pets." If you possessed
one of these animals
prior to the passage of
the regulation you are
Citation: LA. ADMIN.
CODE tit. 76, §115
In Louisiana it
is illegal to
a. Black bear
b. Grizzly bear (Ursus
c. Polar bear (Ursus
d. Red wolf (Canis
e. Gray wolf (Canis
f. Wolf dog
lupus or Canis
rufus x Canis
g. All non-human
big exotic cats:
not limited to
Snow Leopard and
mountain lions (Felis
the above listed
of the above
D. 1. Wolf-Dog
January 1, 1997.
Any animal which
from a wolf, or
is in any way
be a wolf shall
be considered to
be a wolf in the
absence of bona
Baton Rouge and
East Baton Rouge
owning any kind
of exotic pet
ME. REV. STAT. ANN. tit. 12 § 7235-A
A person may possess a wild or exotic animal after
obtaining a permit issued by the Wildlife Commissioner.
Animals must be tagged and owner must file an annual
Bear, deer, wild turkey, wild turkey-domestic turkey
cross or hybrid wild turkey are banned.
Sec. 17. 12 MRSA §7504, sub-§3 No wild birds native to
the state except rock doves
Sec. 17. 12 MRSA §7504, sub-§3 deals with the
possession, breeding and raising and transferring of
dangerous animals with the exception of research
facilities, federally licensed exhibitors, any person
who has been issued a license from the Department of
Natural Resources, a nonprofit organization managed
animal sanctuary, an animal control officer, a
veterinarian or a person who is a non-resident of
Maryland who is to be in the state or 10 or less.
Maryland Code Annoted, Criminal Law § 10-621 prohibits
the importation, selling, trading, bartering,
possessing, breeding or trading of bears, raccoons,
skunks and foxes. Also included are crocodiles,
alligators, caiman, any of the cat family other than
domesticated cats and any hybrid cat family member that
weighs more than 30 pounds, dog family members other
than domestic dogs, hybrid dog family members, non-human
primates and poisonous snakes.
MASS. GEN. LAWS ANN. ch. 131, §77A http://www.malegislature.gov/Laws/Gener ... Section77A
prohibits hybrids of dogs and cats
There are falconry permits.
Wild animals require a permit unless exempted. Lists
Citation: MASS. REGS. CODE tit. 321, §2.12 and §9.01;
and MASS. GEN. LAWS ANN. ch. 131, §77A
http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife ... ldlife.htm
For purposes of possession, DFW groups
animals in the following categories:
wildlife requiring a DFW permit
wildlife exempt from DFW permits and
The following information provides a
definition of these categories and
offers a list of the relevant wildlife
in each group.
This is only a summary and people should
refer to the appropriate Massachusetts
General Laws (MGL) and the Code of
Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) for
WILDLIFE REQUIRING A DFW PERMIT
Any species in this category requires a
DFW permit and may not be kept as a pet.
Examples of animals requiring a permit
include endangered and threatened
wildlife, venomous snakes, crocodilians,
monitor lizards, monkeys, African
servals, sugar gliders, skunks and
raccoons. Permits for animals in this
category are issued only for certain
scientific, educational, commercial, or
other specific reasons. Permits are not
issued for keeping these species as
pets. Permits in this category are
issued only for certain scientific,
educational, commercial, or other
specific reasons. . Applicants must be
able to demonstrate that they are
actively engaged in the activity for
which they have applied for or received
a permit. (See 321 CMR 2.12) The only
exception is for a prohibited animal for
which there is proof it was in the
owner's possession within Massachusetts
before July 1, 1980. This exemption is
granted only for the life of that
Wildlife included in this category
includes any animal listed in any
category of the Red Books of the
International Union for the Conservation
of Nature, any category of federal
endangered species law or listed on the
Massachusetts list of endangered,
threatened, and special concern species.
Other groups of wildlife which may not
be kept as pets and require a DFW permit
Tilapia: which are often kept in indoor
Snakeheads: These fish are on the
federal list of injurious wildlife.
Importation and interstate
transportation is prohibited by federal
The following fish are expressly
prohibited and may not be liberated in
waters of Massachusetts: Grass Carp
(White Amur), Piranhas and related
Walking Catfish and related species.
Only those species listed on federal and
state threatened and endangered species
lists require a permit. (See weblinks
Turtles: Spotted Turtles, Argentine
(Chaco) Tortoise, Gopher Tortoises and
related species, and the Pancake
Tortoise all require a permit because of
concerns for their conservation.
Snakes: Emerald Tree Boa, Green Tree
Python. The Reticulated and African
Pythons, all Anacondas; Black Rat Snake
and venomous snakes require a permit
because they are considered potentially
Crocodilians: All crocodilians
including, alligators, crocodiles,
caimans and gavials require permits.
Lizards: Regulations regarding the
possession of lizards are quite
detailed. Some generalities regarding
which species require a permit are
listed as follows:
Rare species, Florida Sand Skinks,
Solomon Islands Ground Skink,
Chameleons, Monitor Lizards,
Gila Monster and Beaded Lizard, and any
other lizards not specifically listed.
Gekkos (rare species and the Big Bend
Rare species, migratory birds found in
the United States and Canada, and any
other bird native to the United States
or Canada. Permits may be issued for the
aviculture of certain waterfowl and game
WILD ANIMALS EXEMPT FROM DFW PERMITS
These are wild species which DFW allows
anyone to keep without the need for a
permit. These animals may be possessed,
maintained, propagated, bought, sold, or
imported and are exempt from most state
requirements. Included in this list are
all of the wild species that are legal
to sell in pet stores. These animals
must be obtained from a lawful source,
may not be captured or taken from the
wild in Massachusetts, and may not be
liberated to the wild. (M.G.L. c. 131, §
23 and 321 CMR 9.01)
In order to be listed as exempt, the
animal (or group of animals) must meet
the following criteria:
Accidental release will not adversely
affect the ecology of Massachusetts;
The animal in captivity, or if escaped,
poses no substantial danger to humans,
either from injury or disease;
Proper care of the animal is no more
demanding than the care of common
domestic animals; and
Trade in the animals has no significant
adverse effect on the wild population of
the animal in any of its natural
All "aquarium trade" fish except for
rare species on state, federal and
international lists. Aquarium trade fish
include the Goldfish, Koi (Japanese
Carp) and Guppies. (see 321 CMR 9.01 for
definition) The Fathead Minnow and the
Bluntnose Minnow may be kept as a pet,
but require a permit when sold as bait
All amphibians may be lawfully kept
except rare species on state, federal
and international lists.
Turtles: All turtles, except rare
species on state, federal and
international lists and those listed as
Wildlife Requiring a Permit.
Regulations regarding the
possession of snakes are quite detailed.
(321 CMR 9.01) Some generalities are
listed as follows:
All boas and pythons may be kept without
a permit except rare species on state,
federal and international lists and
those species listed as requiring a
Other snakes exempt from permitting are
Shield-tailed Snakes and Sunbeam Snakes;
Worm Snakes (except rare species),
Thread Snakes, and related species;
Brown and Redbellied Snakes, Garter and
Ribbon Snakes, Glossy Snakes, Green
Snakes, House Snakes,
Kingsnakes and Milksnakes, Rat Snakes
(except rare species),
Water Snakes, and the Western Hognosed
Lizards: Regulations regarding the
possession of lizards are also quite
detailed (321 CMR 9.01) and generalities
All skinks (including the Solomon
Islands Prehensile-Tailed Tree Skink);
False Club-tailed Lizards, Girdle-tailed
Lizards, Plated Lizards, and Rock
Most Teiid Lizards; Some Lacertid
Lizards and Lateral-fold Lizards;
All Gekkos (except rare species and the
Big Bend Gekko);
Several iguanids, including Basilisks,
Collared and Leopard Lizards, Common
(Green) Iguana, False Iguana, New World
Chameleons, Spiny Lizards, and Tree and
some Agamid Lizards, such as the Bearded
and most Night Lizards.
Blue, Button, or Coturnix Quail;
Pigeons and Doves;
Waxbills and related species;
Finches and related species;
Weaver Finches, except the Red-billed
Dioch and related species;
Parrots and related species;
Toucans, Aracaris, and Toucanets;
Starlings and Mynahs, except the
Rose-Colored (Pink) Starling.
Only the following 11 mammals (or
groups) may be kept as pets:
Four-toed (African Pygmy) Hedgehog;
Chinchilla, derived from captive stock;
Deer Mouse and White-footed Mouse;
Egyptian Spiny Mouse;
Southern Flying Squirrel;
Wildlife Which May Be Taken From the
Wild In Massachusetts and Kept As Pets
The following reptiles and amphibians
are the only native Massachusetts
wildlife species which may be taken from
the wild in Massachusetts and kept as
pets with a maximum of two animals of
each species. DFW permits are not
required, but these animals may not be
sold, bartered, or exchanged. (321 CMR
Frogs & Toads--American Bullfrog,
American Toad, Fowler's Toad, Gray
Treefrog, Green Frog, Spring Peeper,
Pickerel Frog, and Wood Frog.
Salamanders & Newts--Eastern Red-backed
Salamander, Mudpuppy, Northern Dusky
Salamander, Northern Two-lined
Salamander, and Eastern Newt.
Snakes--DeKay's Brownsnake, Eastern
Gartersnake, Eastern Racer, Eastern
Ribbonsnake, Milksnake, Northern
Watersnake, Red-bellied Snake, and
Turtles -- Eastern Musk Turtle, Painted
Turtle, and Snapping Turtle
DOMESTIC ANIMALS LIST
Domestic animals are those kinds of
animals which have undergone a process
of selective breeding in captivity and
have consequently been changed both
physically and behaviorally from their
wild ancestors, while still maintaining
a close genetic similarity to them.
Animals were domesticated for
companionship, transportation, food,
pelts or fibers, hunting, or as guard
animals. Wild animals raised in
captivity (even over many generations)
which have merely become tame or
accustomed to people are not domestic
All animals or groups of animals on the
Domestic Animals list below may be
possessed, propagated, maintained,
imported, bought, sold, or otherwise
disposed of without the need for a
MassWildlife permit or license (321 CMR
9.02). If a specific animal is on the
list, it is classified as a domestic
species and is not regulated by DFW. If
an animal is not on the Domestic Animal
List, it is legally classified as a wild
species regulated by DFW. However, in
some instances, persons may need to
comply with certain local or state laws
regarding dog licenses M.G.L. Ch. 140, §
137 or municipal agriculture or zoning
bylaws, or with requirements of the
Massachusetts Department of Food &
Agriculture pertaining to livestock and
farm animals. Contact the Division if
you have any questions about the
following lists of domestic animals.
Domestic geese, ducks and muscovy
Captive-reared Mallards acquired and
properly marked in accordance with the
provisions of the Code of Federal
Common Coturnix or Coturnix Quail;
Peafowl (Blue Peafowl)
Domestic turkey, including breeds and
varieties derived from the Wild Turkey,
but not including captive or
captive-bred Wild Turkeys or pen-raised
or game-farm Wild Turkeys;
Common pigeon or Rock Dove
Domestic dog (for hybrids, see below)
Mink, propagated in captivity for 2 or
more generations (M.G.L. Ch. 128, § 8B)
Domestic ferrets which have been
surgically neutered or spayed and
rendered incapable of breeding (M.G.L.
Ch.131, § 77)
Domestic cat, including the Pixie Bob
and Bengal Cat (for other feline
hybrids, see below)
Domestic ass, including mules, burros,
Domestic swine, but not including Wild
Boars or free-living wild pigs or swine
Domestic Water Buffalo or Carabao
Domestic goat and sheep
Domestic hamster (Golden Hamster)
Laboratory rat and mouse
Domestic rabbit, (not including
so-called "San Juan" rabbits)
STATUS OF CANINE/FELINE HYBRIDS:
Wolf/dog hybrids or other hybrids
between domestic dogs and any wild
canine species are legally classified as
wildlife and may not be kept as pets.
After 1994, permits for these types of
animals are issued to research or
educational entities, not to pet owners.
Although there are no simple tests to
confirm that a particular animal is a
wolf/dog hybrid, the DFW uses a suite of
physical and behavioral characters, very
similar to the ones used by the U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service, which
together provide a good basis for
identification. The only exception is if
the animal was in the owner's possession
on or before January 1, 1994 and
registered with DFW no later than July
31, 1994. (M.G.L. Ch. 131, § 77A)
Any feline animal which is a hybrid
between a domestic cat and any wild
feline species, is not considered a
domestic animal and may not kept as a
pet in Massachusetts. Savannah Cats
documented to be from the F4 generation
or greater are considered in
Massachusetts to be members of a
recognized breed. Breed recognition is
by any national or international cat
breed association such as The
International Cat Association (TICA).
The Savannah cat is a relatively new
breed that originated from crossing the
African Serval (a wild cat species) with
the domestic cat (usually a Bengal).
Individuals from the F1, F2, and F3
hybrid generations are not considered to
be domestic cats under Massachusetts law
and are not lawful to possess as pets.
(MGL:131, sec 77A)
REMINDER: The above information is only
a summary and people should refer to the
appropriate Mass. General Laws (MGL) and
the Code of Massachusetts Regulations
(CMR) for details.
MI ST 287.1101-1123, the Michigan Large Carnivore Act
and MICH. COMP. LAWS §287.1001-1023 Wolf Hybrid act
Prohibits the ownership, possession, breeding and
transfer of ownership of a large carnivore in the State
(f) "Large carnivore" means either of
(i) Any of the following cats of the Felidae family, whether wild or captive
bred, including a hybrid cross with such
(A) A lion.
(B) A leopard, including, but not
limited to, a snow leopard or clouded
(C) A jaguar.
(D) A tiger.
(E) A cougar.
(F) A panther.
(G) A cheetah.
(ii) A bear of a species that is native
or nonnative to this state, whether wild
or captive bred.
Wolf is defined as a member of the Canis rufus or Canis
lupus species, with the exception of the Canis lupis
familiaris. Wolf-dog cross is defined as a crossing of a
wolf with a dog, wolf-dog crossed with a wolf, wolf-dog
crossed with a dog or wolf-dog crossed with a wolf-dog
The Michigan Exotic Animal Law 287.731
A prior entry permit must be obtained from the director
for all other wild animal or exotic animal species not
listed above or regulated by the fish and wildlife
service of the United States Department of Interior or
the Department of Natural Resources of this state. Prior
to an exotic animal entering the state the Department of
Natural Resources may require the possessor to have the
animal examined by an accredited veterinarian to
determine the health status, proper housing, husbandry
and confinement standards are being met.
Citation: MICH. COMP. LAWS §287.731, MICH. COMP. LAWS
§287.1001-1023, MICH. COMP. LAWS §287.1101-1123
Captive wild animal order
http://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/C ... 659_7.html
Defines permit requirements, cage sizes for fox,
raccoons, bobcat and badger, coyotes, bear, swans and
other species as well as enrichment needed like logs and
trees. You need a permit for wild color (red) red fox but
not for exotic fox or domestic color reds. Your cage may
still be subject to inspection and approval.
Skunks may not be imported.
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for a person to import
or possess any wild animal classified inherently
dangerous by law or regulation unless that person holds
a permit or is exempted from holding a permit.
Inherently dangerous animals include, but are"
|(a) Order Primates: Family Pongidae (includes gibbons,
orangutans, chimpanzees, siamangs, and gorillas) - all
species; Family Cercopithecidae:Genus Macaca (macaques)
- all species; Genus Papio (mandrills, drills, and
baboons) - all species; Genus Theropithecus (gelada
(b) Order Carnivora:
Family Canidae: Genus Canis (wolves, jackals, and dingos;
all species, including crosses between wolves and
domestic animals); excluding coyote(Canis latrans);
Chrysocyon brachyurus (maned wolf); Cuon alpinus (red
dog or dhole); Lycaon pictus (African hunting dog);
Family Ursidae (bears) - all species;
Family Mustelidae - Gulo gulo (wolverine);
Family Hyaenidae (hyenas) - all species;
Family Felidae: Genus Leo or Panthera or Neofelis
(lions, tigers, jaguars, and leopards) - all species;
Acinonyx jubatus (cheetah); Felis concolor (cougar) -
(c) Order Proboscidea: Family Elephantidae (elephants) -
(d) Order Perissodactyla: Family Rhinocerotidae
(rhinoceroses) all species;
(e) Order Artiodactyla: Family Hippopotamidae:
Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus);) Family Bovidae:
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo).
However, there are no state requirements for private
possession of small non-domesticated felines such as
ocelots, servals, etc.
Citation: MISS. CODE ANN. §49-8-5 and §49-8-7
Summary of Law: A person may not keep a lion, tiger,
leopard, ocelot, jaguar, cheetah, margay, mountain lion,
Canada lynx, bobcat, jaguarundi, hyena, wolf, coyote, or
any deadly dangerous, or poisonous reptile unless such
person has registered the animal with the local law
enforcement agency in the county in which the animal is
Citation: MO. REV. STAT. §578.023
Here is Missouri's laws on possession of native
http://www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/curre ... 2c30-2.pdf
More specific info on classes of wildlife:
http://www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/curre ... 3c10-9.pdf
"Except for unweaned young, Class II wildlife
and bobcat, American badger, coyote, red fox
and gray fox may not roam freely anywhere
within a residence or inhabited dwelling."
"Wildlife, except skunks, foxes, coyotes,
and raccoons may be shipped, transported, or
consigned to a wildlife breeder by nonresidents
without a Missouri wildlife breeder
by appropriate permit or other proof of
legality in the state of origin. Persons purchasing
wildlife at consignment sales shall
obtain a wildlife hobby or appropriate
wildlife breeder permit prior to the purchase,"
Summary of Law: A person may not operate a wild animal
menagerie without obtaining a permit. A "wild animal
menagerie" means any place where one or more bears or
large cats, including cougars, lions, tigers, jaguars,
leopards, pumas, cheetahs, ocelots, and hybrids of those
large cats are kept in captivity for use other than
public exhibition. All other exotic animals entering the
state, such as reptiles, monkeys, etc., must be
accompanied by a one-time entry permit and an official
Citation: MONT. CODE ANN. 87-4-801, 87-4-803, and
87-4-804; MONT. ADMIN. R. §32.3.202
Montana Code Annotated 87-5-705
Montana Code Annotated 87-5-706 lists the exotic animals
that are considered to be noncontrolled and can be
possessed and sold within the State of Montana with out
a permit from the Montana Department of Game, Fish &
|mynahs, toucans, siskins,
finches, cardinals, weaveres, mesias, wydahs,
tanagers, zosterops, parrots, lories,
Fish included in this list of
uncontrolled exotic animals are those that
are used in office and residential aquariums
such as goldfish and koi.
included in this list are boas, Round Island
Boas, dwarf boas, pythons, modern snakes,
file snakes, elephant trunk snakes, sunbeam
snakes, pipe snakes, shield-tailed snakes
and blind snakes.
Lizards included in this
list are chisel-teeth lizards, worm lizards,
limbless lizards, glass and a lligator
lizards, legless lizards, chameleons,
girdle-tailed lizards, casquehead lizards,
collared and leopard lizards, blind lizards,
eyelid geckos, Africa snake skinks, geckos,
bearded lizards, gila monsters, iguanas,
wall lizards, earless monitors, earless
lizards, spiny lizards, horned lizards,
anoles, snake lizards, skinks, whiptail,
neotropical grounnd lizards, monitor
lizards, night lizards and knob-scaled
Turtles on this noncontrolled
exotic animal list are ones that have a
shell length of at least 4 inches, including
NewGuinea softshell turtles, snake-necked
turtles, snapping turtles, Central American
river turtle, pond turtle, mud turtles, musk
turtles, hidden-necked turtles, big-headed
turtles, tortoises and soft-shelled turtles.
Frogs and toads are also included on this
list, including harlequin frogs, true toads,
glass frogs, poison dart frogs, tree frogs,
rain frogs, narrow-mouthed toads, spadefoot
toads, old world spadefoot toads, true
frogs- but not bullfrogs, old world tree
frogs and Mexican burrowing frogs. Limbless
amphibians on this list are caecilians, fish
caecilians, beaked caecilians, tropical
caecilians and Indian caecilians.
Salamanders on the list are mole
salamanders, amphiumas, hellbenders, giant
salamanders, Asian salamanders, woodland
salamanders, waterdogs, newts and sirens.
Montana Code Annotated 87-5-709 states the exemptions
and exceptions to the Montana exotic animal laws.
87-5-709. Exceptions and
exemptions to possession and
sale of exotic wildlife.
Sections 87-5-705 through
87-5-708 and this section do
not apply to:
(a) institutions that have
established that their
proposed facilities are
adequate to provide secure
confinement of wildlife,
(i) an accredited zoological
garden chartered by the
state as a nonprofit
(ii) a roadside menagerie
permitted under 87-4-803
that was established for the
purpose of exhibition or
(iii) a research facility
for testing and science that
employs individuals licensed
under 37-34-301 or that
submits evidence to the
department that it meets
animal testing standards as
provided by the national
institutes of health, the
national science foundation,
the centers for disease
control and prevention, the
United States department of
agriculture, or another
recognized and approved
testing standard; or
(b) domestic animals.
(2) Authorization for
possession must be provided
by the department for exotic
wildlife possessed as of
January 1, 2004, and the
authorization may include
any conditions and
restrictions necessary to
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to possess
any wolf, skunk, or any member of the Felidae (cats,
except domesticated) and Ursidae (bear) families unless
the animal was in possession prior to March 1, 1986.
However, there are no state requirements for non-human
primates and reptiles. Nebraska Rev. Stat. §37-477
Badgers, beavers, bobcats, cottontail rabbits, crows,
deer, mules, ducks, fox, geese, grouse, lynx, migratory
birds, minks, muskrats, opossums, partridges, pheasants,
quail, raccoons, river otters, big horn sheep, fox
squirrels, gray squirrels and flying squirrels,
trumpeter swans and tundra swans, turkeys and weasels,
require a permit: Captive Wildlife Permit, a Controlled
Shooting Area Permit, a Scientific Collectors Permit or
a Rehabilitation Permit
Bobcats, deer, quail and turkeys are only commercial
permits, no individual permits.
Nebraska Administrative Code 008.01F is housing
Nebraska Administrative Code 008.02 states that it is
unlawful for anyone to possess in captivity, wild birds
or mammals unless proof is provided the seller was
licensed in state or federally.
Nebraska Administrative Code 008.07 lists the species of
exotic animals that are banned in the State of Nebraska:
Asian raccoon dogs, white-tailed deer, mule deer, red
deer, wild pig, bighorn and thinhorn sheep
Nebraska Administrative Code 008.08 lists the wildlife
that can be imported, exported, released or
commercialized in the State of Nebraska: Animals that
can be imported are alpaca, blackbuck, camels,
chinchillas, coatimundis, degus, elands, elk, fallow
deer, fox, genets, gerbils, goats, guanaco, guinea pigs,
hedgehogs, jerboas, llamas, David's deer, reindeer,
aoudad sheep, bighorn sheep, mouflon sheep, thinhorn
sheep, sika deer, sugar gliders, tahr, vicuna,
wallabies, water buffalo, yak, ratites, waterfowl,
peafowl, game birds, and all cage and aviary birds.
Animals that can be exported are those reptiles, fish,
amphibians, crustaceans and mollusks as long as the
exportation is governed by Ch. 4, Wildlife Regulations,
Sec. 010 and Ch. 2 Fisheries Regulations, Sec. 002, 005
Citation: NEB. REV. STAT. §37-477, Nebraska
Administrative Code 008.01B, 008.03
Summary of Law: Specific animals, set forth in NEV.
ADMIN. CODE ch. 503, §110 are prohibited from private
ownership except if the animal was in possession prior
to February 28, 1994.
Examples of animals listed under
§110 are the following: alligators, crocodiles, coyotes,
foxes, raccoons, etc. However, other exotic animals may
be possessed without a permit or license.
these exotic animals are: monkeys and other Primates,
Marsupials, elephants, felines, wolves, etc.
Citation: NEV. ADMIN. CODE ch. 503, §110; ch. 503, §140;
ch. 504, §488
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to possess
exotic animals, such as felines, bears, wolves,
poisonous reptiles, and non-human primates, unless they
are exhibitors. However, there are certain non-controlled
animals that may be privately possessed within the state
without a license. Non-controlled animals include, but
are not limited to: sugar gliders, non-venomous
reptiles, ferrets, etc.
It is illegal for anyone to possess, import, exhibit,
sell or release any exotic animal, including live marine
species or wildlife and their progeny or eggs without a
permit issued by the executive director. There are six
types of permits, an individual person permit, a
propagator permit, an individual training and shooting
permit, a shooting area permit, an exhibitor permit and
an aquaculturist permit.
Citation: N.H. REV. STATE ANN. §207:14 and N.H. CODE
ADMIN. R Fis §802.01, §804.01, §804.02, §804.03,
§804.04, §804.05, Table 800.02 New Hampshire Rev. State.
Ann. §207:14, Code Admin. R FIS 804
|Animals that are designated as
non-controlled: ornamental aquarium fish,
amphibians, non-venomous reptiles except
spotted turtles, Blanding's turtles, wood
turtles and box turtles.
Exotic birds on
this list are cockatiels, canaries,
parrots, parakeets, mynah birds, finches,
Pekin robins, weavers, toucans, button
quail, pigeons and doves, emus, feral
pigeons, emus, ostriches, rheas, exotic
migratory waterfowl except mute swans,
mallards, gallinaceous birds except bobwhite
quail, ruffed grouse, spruce grouse,
ring-necked pheasant, chuckar and redleg
partridge grey partridge.
Mammals on this
list are chinchillas, gerbils, guinea pigs,
hamsters, mice, rats, ferrets, llamas,
alpaca, pot belly pigs, rabbits, African
pigmy hedgehogs, sugar gliders, tenrecs and
|Exotic animals prohibited:
all non-indigenous crayfish, walking catfish,
white carp, European rudd, round goby and monk
|Controlled animals: all venomous
reptiles, Blanding's turtles, eastern box
turtles, spotted turtles, wood turtles,
channel catfish, talapia and hybrid striped
Birds included in this list are all
native species, all waterfowl indigenous and
naturalized except Mallards, mute swans,
bobwhite quail, northern grouse, ruffed
grouse, spruce pheasant, ring-necked
partridge and chukar/redleg partridge.
Mammals included on this controlled list are
armadillos, big brown bats, hoary bats, red
bats, silver-haired bats, black bears,
beavers, bison, wild boars, bobcats, camels,
caribou, eastern chipmunks, coatimundi, New
England cottontails, cougars, coyotes, dama
wallabies, fallow deer, red deer sika deer,
white-tailed deer, elephants, elk, fishers,
gray fox, red fox, genets, hyenas, snowshoe
hares, kinkajous, northern bog lemming,
southern bog lemmings, leopards, lions,
lynx, martens, minks, hairy-tailed moles,
star-nosed moles, moose, deer mouse, meadow
jumping mouse, white-footed mice, woodland
jumping mice, muskrats, Keen's myotis,
little brown myotis, small-footed myotis,
opossums, river otters, eastern pipistrelle,
porcupine and prairie dogs. Primates
included on this list are chimpanzee,
gorilla, orangutan, baboons, spider monkeys,
squirrel monkeys, capuchins, rhesus.
animals on this list are raccoons, Norway
rats, long-tailed shrews, masked shrews,
pygmy shrews, short-tailed shrews, smoky
shrews, water shrews, striped skunks, gray
squirrels, northern flying squirrels, red
squirrels, southern flying squirrels,
tigers, two-toed sloths, meadow vole,
northern red-backed vole, rock vole,
woodland vole, least weasel, long-tailed
weasel, short-tailed weasel, woodchucks and
According to New Hampshire's Exotic Animal Laws, any
animals that are not included on the non-controlled,
prohibited or controlled list are to be considered
controlled and individuals who wish to possess them must
have a permit.
Here is a link to NJ exotic and wild animal regs. You
even need a permit for a ferret.
Pretty much all species require a permit unless on the
exempted list on the link above.
So called potentially dangerous species require a permit
as well but have additional criteria and permits are not
given for pet reasons. The reason you want the animal is
part of the permit process.
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to possess a
potentially dangerous species as a "pet." Potentially
dangerous species include the following orders:
Primates; Carnivora (nondomestic dogs and cats, bears);
Saura (venomous gila monsters); Serpentes (venomous
coral snakes, cobras, vipers, pit vipers); Crocodilia
(alligators, crocodiles, gavials); Psittaciformes
(ring-necked and monk parakeets); and Rodentia (prairie
dogs, ground squirrels). Zoos and other exhibitors may
possess these animals upon showing that specific
criteria have been met, such as extensive experience in
handling and caring for the animal.
Citation: N.J. ADMIN. CODE tit. 7, §25-4.8 and §25-4.9
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for a person to
possess non-domesticated felines, primates, crocodiles,
alligators, and wolves.
Citation: Policy Statement by the Department of Game &
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for a person to possess a
wild animal. A wild animal is defined as: all members of
the felidae family (except domestic cats); all members
of the canidae family (except domestic dogs and fennec
foxes); raccoons, skunks, all bears; all non-human
primates, venomous reptiles, and crocodiles. Also all
hybrids of any prohibited species.
A person who
possesses a wild animal on the effective date of the
law, January 1, 2005, has 60 days to obtain a permit for
the animal with the Department of Environmental
Only f5 or later domestic to wild hybrid cats are
also have to be registered with a recognized club like
Also prohibited any endangered species or non-native
species they decide may be a threat.
USDA exhibitors, veterinarians, and some other
exemptions like AZA and sanctuaries do exist but they
must ONLY be used for that purpose. They can not also be
This includes all fox except for fennec and raccoons.
|e. "Wild animal" shall not include
"companion animal" as defined in
section three hundred fifty of the agriculture
and markets law. Wild
animal includes, and is limited to, any or all
of the following orders
(1) Nonhuman primates and prosimians,
(2) Felidae and all hybrids thereof, with the
exception of the species
Felis catus (domesticated and feral cats, which
shall mean domesticated
cats that were formerly owned and that have been
abandoned and that are
no longer socialized, as well as offspring of
such cats) and hybrids of
Felis catus that are registered by the American
Cat Fanciers Association
or the International Cat Association provided
that such cats be without
any wild felid parentage for a minimum of five
(3) Canidae (with the exception of domesticated
dogs and captive bred
fennec foxes (vulpes zerda),
(5) All reptiles that are venomous by nature,
pursuant to department
regulation, and the following species and
orders: Burmese Python (Python
m. bivittatus), Reticulated Python (Python
reticulatus), African Rock
Python (Python sabae), Green Anaconda (Eunectes
Anaconda (Eunectes notaeus), Australian
Amethystine Python (Morelia
amethistina and Morelia kinghorni), Indian
Python (Python molurus),
Asiatic (water) Monitor (Varanus salvator), Nile
nilocitus), White Throat Monitor (Varanus
albigularis), Black Throat
Monitor (Varanus albigularis ionides) and
Crocodile Monitor (Varanus
salvadori), Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodensis)
and any hybrid thereof,
Native wildlife not included above are regulated
under other wildlife laws such as the "game" laws
|"Small game" means black, gray and fox
squirrels, European hares,
varying hares, cottontail rabbits, native
frogs, native salamanders,
native turtles, native lizards, native
snakes, coyotes, red fox (Vulpes
vulpes) and gray fox (Urocyon
cinereoargenteus) except captive bred red
fox or gray fox, raccoon, opossum, or
weasel, skunk, bobcat, lynx,
muskrat, mink, except mink born in
captivity, fisher, otter, beaver,
sable and marten but does not include
The first law banning all canines is newer so
trump the captive bred fox allowance in this one
Citation: N.Y. ENVTL. CONSERV. §11-0103, §11-0303,
§11-0511, §11-0512, §11-0516, §11-0103, and
§11-0917; N.Y. AGRIC. & MKTS. §370.
You need to have a fur license for a fox
http://www.ncwildlife.org/Licensing/Reg ... tions.aspx
You can keep animals from the wild if it has been
injured and you apply for a permit after saving it
http://www.ncwildlife.org/Licensing/Reg ... ction.aspx
Exotic Wildlife: It is unlawful to import, transport,
export, purchase, possess, or sell any species of
Tongueless or African Clawed Frog (Xenopus spp.), or to
stock them in the public or private waters or lands of
North Carolina. (Exceptions may be made in certain
situations for qualified research institutions). See
Possession and Collection of Nongame Wildlife for more
Unlawful to possess any live individuals of piranha,
“walking" catfish (clarias batrachus), snakehead fish
(from the family channidae, formerly ophiocephalidae),
black carp (mylopharyngodon piceus) or white amur or
"grass carp" (ctenopharyngodon idellus), or to stock any
of them in the public or private waters of North
Carolina. (see 15a ncac 10c .0211 for more information)
http://www.ncwildlife.org/Licensing/Reg ... ction.aspx
you need to talk to the state vet in N Dakota
What I seem to remember before is you need a
non-traditional livestock permit for any sort of exotic
Summary of Law: Category 3, 4, or 5 of nontraditional
livestock may be possessed in the state after obtaining
an import permit; a nontraditional livestock license; a
certificate from a veterinarian. Category 4 is those
species that are considered inherently dangerous,
including bears, wolves, wolf hybrids, primates, all
non-domesticated cats except Canadian lynx, and bobcat.
Catigories 3,4,& 5 must be properly licensed and must
comply with all administrative rules and require import
permits, and health certificate.
|Category 1 includes turkeys, ducks,
pigeons, geese, donkeys and mules.
Category 2 includes emus, ostriches,
chinchillas, ferrets, guinea fowls, ranch
minks, ranch fox, peafowl, quail, pheasants
not included in category 3, chukar and
Category 3 includes, deer, elk, reindeer,
fallow deer, bighorn sheep, ring-necked
pheasant, sichuan pheasant, Bohemian
pheasant, Canadian lynx and raptors.
Category 4 includes dangerous animals such
as bears, lions, wolves, wolf hybrids,
tigers, cats and primates.
Category 5 includes any animals not listed
in the previous categories, but require a
certain license with requirements of issuing
such license to be determined by the board.
|nvasive or detrimental wildlife that
need special permits
chamois, tahr, ibexes, aoudad sheep, mouflon
sheep, oryx, addax, reed bucks, wildebeests,
hartebeests, sassabees, blesbok, bontebok,
topi and waterbuffalo. Also included in this
list are moose, axis deer, rusa deer, sambar
deer, sika deer, roe deer and red deer.
Russian boars, European boars and their
hybrids as well as javelinas
Deer have special requirements for import and
North Dakota Administrative Code §48-12-01-02
North Dakota Administrative Code §48-12-01-03
If any natives would like to help us add info post in
legal and we will add it here.
Summary of Law: No person may bring into the state a
non-domestic animal unless the possessor: obtains an
entry permit; health certificate certifying the animal
is free of infectious diseases; and a certificate of
veterinary inspection. Persons in the state possessing
non-domestic animals do not need to obtain a permit.
Citation: OHIO ADMIN. CODE §901: 1-17-12
Ohio: allowed Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources
http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/ REVISED CODE OF OHIO
1531.02 "State ownership of wild animals" AND 1533.71
"License to raise or keep game birds and animals"
note: $25 a year "Noncommercial propagating license" for
a "fur-bearing animal" like the fox "to hold the animals
Summary of Law: No person may possess or raise
wildlife for commercial purposes without having first
obtained a permit. Regardless to whether the possession
is actually for "commercial purposes," all persons
owning these animals as "pets" must obtain this
Citation: OKLA. STAT. Tit. 29, §4-107
These are the exotics you can have
(a) The following wildlife species are exempt from
import and export permits, commercial wildlife breeders
licenses, noncommercial wildlife breeders licenses and
commercial hunting area license requirements.
(1) Alpacas, guanacos and vicuans (all similar to
(4) Cats (except native cats and bears).
(5) Cattle (Bos sp.)
(6) Chickens (domestic fowl, including guineas).
(8) Dogs (except coyotes and native foxes).
(9) Exotic tropical fish (except those prohibited from
import or possession by Commission regulation or
(10) Ferrets (except black-footed, Mustela nigripes).
(13) Guinea pigs.
(16) Horse, donkeys and mules.
(18) Mice (except those species normally found in the
(19) Native invertebrates (except crayfish and all
freshwater mussels including Zebra mussel and Asian
(22) Migratory waterfowl not listed as protected by
Federal Regulation 50 CFR.
(23) Pigs except javelinas.
(24) Rabbits (except cottontails, jackrabbits and swamp
rabbits, and other such species normally found in the
(25) Rats (except those species normally found in the
(26) Salt water crustaceans and mollusks (import for
(27) Sheep (except dall and bighorn sheep, Ovis sp.).
(28) Turkeys (except Rio Grande, Eastern, Merriam and
Osceola or any subspecies).
(31) Sugar gliders
(35) Fennec Fox.
(b) The following list of birds shall be exempt from
import and export requirements, with the exception of
those birds imported into the State of Oklahoma from
countries outside the United States, its commonwealth's,
territories or possessions. Upon reaching their final
destination within the State of Oklahoma, such legally
documented birds shall be considered a domesticated
species and exempt from wildlife breeder's license
(1) Cockatoos, cockatiels, canaries, macaws and exotic
(2) Psittacine birds (parrots, parakeets and
(3) Ratite birds (ostriches, rheas and emus).
(c) Except as otherwise provided, monotypic species and
subspecies of reptiles and amphibians not indigenous to
Oklahoma are exempt from import and export requirements
and commercial and noncommercial wildlife breeder's
license; except those which are biologically capable of
establishing self-sustaining populations in the wild of
Oklahoma and which may be potentially injurious or
detrimental to Oklahoma's wildlife, agriculture or
public safety in accordance with existing USDI or APHIS
regulations. All venomous reptiles belonging to the
families Elapidae (cobras, coral snakes, etc.),
Hydrophiidae (sea snakes), Viperidae (vipers),
Crotalidae (rattlesnakes, copperheads, cottonmouths,
etc.) and the genus Dispholidus (boomslangs) and
Helodermatidae(Gila monsters, beaded lizards) and are
not exempt from any requirements.
(d) Licensed Commercial or Noncommercial Wildlife
Breeders are exempt from obtaining import/export permits
for quail, chuker and pheasant or eggs of same; however,
such breeders must provide a monthly report of
[Source: Added at 9 Ok Reg 1291, eff 11-15-91
(emergency); Added at 9 Ok Reg 3075, eff 7-13-92;
Amended at 14 Ok Reg 3278, eff 7-25-97; Amended at 25 Ok
Reg 802, eff 3-11-08 (emergency); Amended at 26 Ok Reg
2638, eff 7-11-09]
in summery exotics are non-domestic canines, felines,
bears, primates, crocodiles and alligators and and are
banned as pets. You are exempt from the exotics law if
you are USDA or a sanctuary as defined by the new code.
All other animals are categorized.
Domestic and unregulated there are no rules for owning
Regulated, you need a permit.
Prohibited, you can get a prohibited animal permit but
it's harder to get because these are considered a threat
to the wildlife if they escape.
Raccoons need a permit to own.
all animals from out of state need a health cert and
import permit. excepting dogs and cats I think long as
they have current rabies cert.
You can have a flying squirrel if you get a permit and
capture it from the wild. With the permit you also get
instructions on how to catch them.
fish and wild life list of regulated, non-regulated,
prohibited and domestic.
remember anything not on the list is to be treated as
lists at bottom of page
http://www.dfw.state.or.us/wildlife/div ... egrity.asp
The actual law
the site doesn't say but the vet issuing the health cert
for import must call during the exam or you wont get an
http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/AHID/animal_h ... main.shtml
http://www.oregon.gov/ODA/AHID/animal_h ... tics.shtml
It says you can keep wildlife from the wild long as not
otherwise protected (but most things are protected in
A few clarifications on
|The Wildlife Holding Permit is used to
authorize capture and holding of the
Northern flying squirrels, golden-mantled
ground squirrels, Douglas’s squirrel, red
squirrel, and chipmunks.
It is also used to
authorize holding of captive bred raccoon
and bobcat from a USDA licensed facility.
The Wildlife Holding Permit applies to these
species only. (OAR 635-044-0005)
Native foxes vulpes vulpes and grey fox can be
held with a fur farm permit but you need to raise
them for profit and have 10 or more. Non-native
foxes still fall under the current exotic animal law
|The Oregon rules only allow for capture
and hold of the squirrels listed on the
holding permit application. They could not
be purchased and imported into Oregon.
Permit Required to Hold Wildlife
Any person desiring to capture and hold any
squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus), pine squirrel
(Tamiasciurus douglasi and T. hudsonicus), golden
mantled ground squirrel (Spermophilus lateralis), or
chipmunk (Tamias amoenus, T. minimus, T. siskiyou
and T. townsendii), or to hold any
lotor), or bobcat
(Lynx rufus) must first secure a Wildlife Holding
Permit by applying on a form provided to the Oregon
Department of Fish and Wildlife. The application
shall list the species and numbers to be captured or
otherwise acquired, the source or proposed area of
capture, the date of application, and the name,
address, and signature of applicant. Any application
may be denied by the director for cause.
Wildlife Which Cannot Be Captured and Held
Except as provided in these rules, no game mammal,
furbearer, skunk (Mephitis mephitis), spotted skunk
(Spilogale gracilis), native bat, or coyote (Canis
latrans) may be captured and held in captivity,
except as authorized by the director.
Fox (Vulpes vulpes
or Urocyon cinereoargenteus) may be held by a
commercial fur farm as defined in OAR
635-056-0010. No game bird may be captured and held
in captivity except that members of the families
Tetranidae and Phasianidae may be captured and held
as authorized by the director. No game fish may be
captured and held in captivity except as authorized
by the director. No species of nongame wildlife
declared protected by the commission under OAR
635-044-0130 may be captured and held except
Northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus), pine
squirrel (Tamiasciurus douglasii and T. hudsonicus),
golden mantled ground squirrel (Spermophilus
lateralis), and chipmunk (Tamias amoenus, T.
miniumus, T. siskiyou and T. townsendii).
No migratory bird or
mammal protected by federal law may be captured and
held without first securing a federal permit.
A federal permit will serve in lieu of a state
Wildlife Holding Permit for birds protected by the
federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act and mammals
protected by federal law.
Also see below, you
can get a permit to hold prohibited wildlife if you
can meet their standards
Requirements for Importation and Possession of Live
For species, subspecies or hybrids listed as
Prohibited or those species not yet classified, a
permit will not be issued allowing the importation
and possession of live wildlife, except to American
Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) accredited
facilities, colleges, universities
and those facilities
which can demonstrate compliance with standards
as provided in OAR 635-056-0050(2). For species,
subspecies or hybrids listed as Controlled, an
importation permit may be required as set forth by
the commission. For species, subspecies or hybrids
listed as Non-controlled, no ODFW importation permit
is required. (note: you still need an Agr import
(2) The department may issue a permit for the
importation, possession, sale, purchase, exchange or
intrastate transportation of prohibited species and
those species not yet classified if the department
finds that the following standards have been met:
(a) The facility is constructed to minimize escape
of prohibited species;
(b) There are adequate security and safety programs
and procedures which minimize the possibility of
(c) There is adequate record keeping to aid in
tracking of confined animals or recovery of escaped
(d) There are adequate procedures, equipment and
trained staff to maximize capture of escaped
(e) Adequate veterinary care is provided to identify
and minimize the spread of diseases; and
(f) The applicant has a good reputation for care of
animals and compliance with the wildlife laws.
(g) Using forms provided by the department,
persons or entities
may apply for a permit under subsection (2)
(C) Others. To apply for a permit, persons and
entities other than universities, colleges and AZA-accredited
facilities shall submit:
(i) A completed application form; and
(ii) A completed Prohibited Species Questionnaire.
(h) Satisfactory facilities inspections may be
required prior to issuance of any permit.
|(3) "Commercial Fur Farm" means any
operation which raises captive fox (Vulpes
vulpes or Urocyon cinereoargenteus) or mink
(Mustela vison) for profit and possesses 10
or more animals.
They are regulated as native animals and not exotics
because they are found wild here. Even though they
consider the red fox an invasive not native species at
the same time. The exotic law applies to anything
nonnative but they regulate the reds as native since
they are fur bearers.
You could hold a native fox under a wildlife rehab
permit as well but they still likely wouldn't let you
import one so it would need to be a rescue for real.
Rehab permits require you to pass a test. If not a
sub-permit under someone else then you will need to have
a facility dedicated to rehab and show a need for it in
Rehab permit info
http://www.dfw.state.or.us/wildlife/reh ... /index.asp
Summary of Law: No person may keep exotic wildlife
without first receiving a permit from the wildlife
commission. Exotic wildlife includes, but is not limited
to all bears, coyotes, lions, tigers, leopards, jaguars,
cheetahs, cougars, wolves, and any crossbreed of these
animals, which have similar characteristics in
appearance or features. However, there are no state
requirements for a person possessing non-human primates
Citation: 34 PA. CONS. STAT. ANN. §2961 and §2963
http://www.pacode.com/secure/data/058/c ... 47toc.html
Permits requires 2 years experience.
|steps to getting a permit
for animals that are indigenous to Pa:
The PGC can be hard to deal with and are
known for their inconsistent explanations.
Steps needed to obtain a permit:
1. Two year experience with foxes or
other animals that are indigenous to Pa.
This will have to be a letter from
"supposedly" someone with a menagerie
permit. but, I think experience from other
sources might work.
The letter has to be somewhat in depth on
the hours and type of methods used on the
2. A letter from your township stating that
you have permission from them to have a fox.
3. Pen built according to pgc's specs.
4. An application from the pgc (call
Harrisburg and ask for the permits
department) mail in application.
wait for game officer to inspect pen.
once your permit is mailed to you, you can
legally get your animal.
The exception to the above steps, is
raccoons, ground hogs. these type
animals require a bill of sale from a
breeder in PA.
Permits Dept- 717-783-8164
State Vet 717-772-2852
Please note, it is important to speak with someone in
the permits department. Otherwise, you could get
Summary of Law: No person may possess, without first
obtaining a permit from the department, animals of the
following orders, families, and genera: Primates,
Carnivores, Amphibia, Reptilia, Canidae, and Insecta.
All person obtaining a permit must demonstrate they have
both adequate facilities, and adequate knowledge of
animal health and husbandry to ensure both public safety
|The list of animals that require permits
to be possessed or imported into Rhode
Island is long and includes mammals, birds,
reptiles and fishes. Each of these classes
of animals has its own list of animals
requiring a permit.
Mammals includes animals such as bats,
primates, nutrias, non-domestic canidae,
ursidae, mongooses, civets, aardwolf,
hyenas, non-domestic cats, elephants, wild
horses, asses, zebras, tapirs, rhinos,
suidae, peccaries, hippos, mouse deer, deer,
elk, okapi, giraffe and pronghorn antilope.
Also included in the mammals that require
permits are bongos, kudus, nyalas,sitatungas,
bushbuck, elands, nilgai, bluebucks, 4
horned antelope, chousinghas, asian water
buffalos, anoas, african buffalos, bantengs,
gaurs, seladang, koupreys, yaks and American
as well as European bison. duikers,
waterbuck, kob and onotragus, lechwes,
adenotas, pukus, reedbuck, phebok, roan and
sable antelopes, oryx an gemsbok, addaxes,
sassabies, hartebeasts, wildebeasts and gnus
are also included in this list.
Klipspringers, oribis, steenboks, grysboks,
dwarf antelopes, dikdiks, beiras, black
bucks, impalas, dibatangs, gerenuks,
gazelles, springbucks, central asian
gazelles, chiru, tibetan antelopes, saigas,
goraks, serows, mountain goats, chamois,
takins, musk oxen, tahrs, Capra goats,
bharal, blue sheep, aoudad, barbary sheep
and brush tailed possums finish out the
lists of mammals that require a permit in
Birds that require a permit are padda
oryzivora, sturnus roseus, penguins,
cassowaries, non-native grebes, storm
petrels, frigatebirds, shoebill, New World
Vultures, hawks, eagles, old world vultures,
falcons, osprey, secretary birds, hoatzin,
hummingbirds, trogons and Quaker Parakeet.
Reptiles that require a permit are beaded
lizards, gila monsters, old world
chamaelonidae, reticulated python, African
twig snake, boomslang, boigine vipers, mole
vipers, cobras, coral snakes, mambas, sea
snakes, vipers and pit vipers.
Fishes requireing a permit are mosquito
fish, grass carp, Eastern mudminnow and
Citation: R.I. GEN. LAWS §4-18-3; 1994 R.I. PUB. LAWS
12 020 030
Summary of Law: It is unlawful to possess wolves or
coyotes within the state. It is also unlawful to possess
wildlife indigenous to the state without a permit.
Specifically, one can not possess members of the Cervidae, Suidae, Tayassuidae (peccaries), Bovidae
(bison, mountain goat, mountain sheep), nor can they
possess coyotes, bears, turkeys, and furbearers.
However, there are no state laws governing the
possession of non-domesticated felines, primates,
reptiles, and other wildlife not listed above.
Citation: S.C. CODE REGS. §50-11-1765 and §50-16-20
A permit is required to posses: hippopotamuses, camels,
deer, giraffes, lions, cougars, tigers, leopards, servals, ocelots, coyotes, wolves, foxes, jackals,
bears, skunks, weasels, martins, minks, raccoons,
coatis, hyenas, genets, civets, mongooses, armadillos,
anteaters, sloths, opossums, wallabies, kangaroos,
rhinoceroses, tapirs, monkeys, lemurs, gorillas,
chimpanzees, elephants, squirrels, porcupines and
beavers. Animals listed as exotic reptiles are African
rock pythons, boelen's pythons, amethystine pythons,
burmese pythons, olive pythons, Indian pythons,
reticulated pythons, yellow and green anacondas,
Jamaican boas, boomslangs, African twig snakes, mangrove
snakes, brown tree snakes, cobras, coral snakes, mambas,
venomous lizards, Salvadoran monitors, Salvator
monitors, cottonmouths, copperheads, rattlesnakes,
alligators, gavials and caimans.
Cage requirements and a disaster plan are part of
getting a permit.
Summary of Law: A permit is required to possess or
import any non-domestic mammal, or any hybrids thereof
of the following orders: Carnivora (Felidae –
non-domestic, Canidae – non-domestic, Ursidae – bears,
Mustelidae, and Hyaenidae); Artiodactyla (hoofed
animals); Perissodactyla (Tapiridae and Rhinocerotidae).
In addition, all animals (including those listed above
and non-human primates and reptiles) must be examined by
a veterinarian and be free of any contagious,
infectious, epidemic, or communicable disease. No person
may possess non-domestic pigs or raccoon dogs.
Citation: S.D. ADMIN. R. 12:68:18:03 and 12:68:18:03.01;
and S.D. CODIFIED LAWS ANN. 40-14-2
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to possess
Class I wildlife unless they were in possession of the animal(s) prior to June 25, 1991. Class I wildlife
includes the following orders: Primates (gorillas,
orangutans, chimpanzees, gibbons, siamangs, mandrills,
drills, baboons, Gelada baboons only); Carnivores (all
wolves, all bears, lions, tigers, leopards, jaguars,
cheetahs, cougars); Proboscidia (all elephants);
Perissodactyla (all rhinoceroses); Artiodactyla (all
hippos and African buffalos); Crocodylia (crocodiles and
alligators); Serpentes (all poisonous snakes); and
Amphibians (all poisonous species). However, the state
does not regulate private possession of species not
listed above, such as monkeys and small non domesticated
cats (ocelots, servals, etc.).
Citation: TENN. CODE ANN §70-4-401-§70-4-417
|70-4-401. Prohibited acts.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to possess, transport,
import, export, buy, sell, barter, propagate or transfer
any wildlife, whether indigenous to this state or not,
except as provided by this part and rules and
regulations promulgated by the Tennessee wildlife
resources commission pursuant to this part.
(b) No person shall possess Class I or Class II wildlife
without having documentary evidence showing the name and
address of the supplier of such wildlife and date of
|70-4-410. Propagation of Class I or Class II wildlife --
(a) Before any person may engage in the business of
propagating or otherwise obtaining Class I or Class II
wildlife for sale, barter or trade, whether indigenous
to this state or not, such person must obtain and
possess a permit for each propagating location.
(b) Any nonresident who enters the state for the purpose
of selling Class I or Class II wildlife species in this
state shall also be required to purchase and possess a
(c) All permits under this section shall comply with all
provisions of the United States Code and the Code of
Federal Regulations relating to exotic animals, their
care, propagation, importation and sale.
(d) Artificially propagated wildlife may be propagated,
sold, possessed, released or exported in accordance with
the rules and regulations prescribed by the commission
and, in the case of migratory birds, the regulations
prescribed by the federal government.
(e) Only commercial propagators may qualify for a permit
to propagate Class I wildlife and may transfer Class I
wildlife only to persons or entities approved to possess
Class I wildlife. First time commercial propagators
shall have one (1) permit year to meet the criteria as
defined in § 70-4-402(4). Renewal of a commercial
propagator permit is conditional on the permittee having
met the definition of a commercial propagator during the
prior permit year.
Rules on holding wildlife
|70-4-403. Classifications of wildlife.
Live wildlife, kept and maintained for any purpose,
shall be classified in the following five (5) classes:
(1) Class I -- This class includes all species
inherently dangerous to humans. These species may only
be possessed by zoos, circuses and commercial
propagators, except as otherwise provided in this part.
The commission, in conjunction with the commissioner of
agriculture, may add or delete species from the list of
Class I wildlife by promulgating rules and regulations.
The following is a listing of animals considered
(i) Primates -- Gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees,
gibbons, siamangs, mandrills, drills, baboons, Gelada
(a) Wolves -- All species;
(b) Bears -- All species; and
(c) Lions, tigers, leopards, jaguars, cheetahs, cougars
-- All species;
(iii) Order Proboscidia: Elephants -- All species;
(iv) Order Perissodactyla: Rhinoceroses -- All species;
(v) Order Artiodactyla: Hippopotamus, African buffalo;
(i) Order Crocodylia: Crocodiles and alligators -- All
(ii) Order Serpentes: Snakes -- All poisonous species;
(C) Amphibians: All poisonous species;
(2) Class II -- This class includes native species,
except those listed in other classes;
(3) Class III -- This class requires no permits except
those required by the department of agriculture, and
includes all species not listed in other classes and
includes, but is not limited to, those listed in
subdivisions (3)(A)-(Q). The commission, in conjunction
with the commissioner of agriculture, may add or delete
species from the list of Class III wildlife by
promulgating rules and regulations:
(A) Nonpoisonous reptiles and amphibians except caimans
(B) Rodents -- Gerbils, hamsters, guinea pigs, rats,
mice, squirrels and chipmunks;
(C) Rabbits, hares, moles and shrews;
(D) Ferrets and chinchillas;
(E) Llamas, alpacas, guanacos, vicunas, camels, giraffes
(F) Avian species not otherwise listed, excluding North
American game birds, ostriches and cassowary;
(G) Semi-domestic hogs, sheep and goats;
(H) All fish held in aquaria;
(I) Bovidae not otherwise listed;
(K) Common domestic farm animals;
(M) Primates not otherwise listed;
(N) Bobcat/domestic cat hybrids;
(O) Hybrids resulting from a cross between a Class II
species and a domestic animal or Class III species;
(P) Cervidae except white-tailed deer and wild elk. Elk
originating from a legal source while held in captivity
for the purpose of farming shall be regarded as Class
III wildlife. All other elk shall be wild elk and shall
be regarded as Class II wildlife. No person shall
possess elk in captivity within the eastern grand
division of the state as defined in § 4-1-202 without
having documentary evidence indicating the origin of the
elk being held. This documentary evidence will be
presented to the agents of the department of agriculture
or the wildlife resource agency upon request. Sale
documentation of offspring of purchased elk is not
(Q) Furbearing mammals, including those native to
Tennessee, raised solely for the sale of fur;
(4) Class IV -- This class includes those native species
that may be possessed only by zoos and temporary
exhibitors; provided, that rehabilitation facilities may
possess Class IV wildlife as provided by rules
established by the commission if authorized by a letter
from the director of the agency:
(A) Black bear (Ursus americanus);
(B) White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus);
(C) Wild turkey (Meleagris gallapavo), including the
eggs of wild turkey;
(D) Hybrids of a Class IV species other than bobcat
shall be Class IV; and
(E) Animals that are morphologically indistinguishable
from native Class IV wildlife shall be Class IV; and
(5) Class V -- This class includes such species that the
commission, in conjunction with the commissioner of
agriculture, may designate by rules and regulations as
injurious to the environment. Species so designated may
only be held in zoos under such conditions as to prevent
the release or escape of such wildlife into the
Summary of Law: No person may possess a dangerous
wild animal without first obtaining a license
(certificate of registration). Dangerous wild animals
are defined as "Dangerous wild animal" means: a lion; a
tiger; an ocelot; a cougar; a leopard; a cheetah; a
jaguar; a bobcat; a lynx; a serval; a caracal; a hyena;
a bear; a coyote; a jackal; a baboon; a chimpanzee; an
orangutan; a gorilla; or any hybrid of an animal listed
in this subdivision.. However, there are no requirements
for a person possessing all other exotic animals not
listed above, such as monkeys, etc.
TITLE 25 HEALTH SERVICES
PART 1 DEPARTMENT OF STATE HEALTH SERVICES
CHAPTER 169 ZOONOSIS CONTROL
SUBCHAPTER G CAGING REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS FOR
DANGEROUS WILD ANIMALS
RULE §169.131 Caging Requirements and Standards for
Dangerous Wild Animals
NOTE: ALL foxes are banned under the below all even
exotic foxes like fennecs. None are exempted at this
time. This is from contact through official channels.
Fennecs are being confiscated. However some of the
officials have actually encouraged residents to try and
get the law changed to allow fennecs.
|In regards to fur bearers and listed under natural
|Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
"Fur-bearing animals may not be possessed as
"A Fur-bearing Animal Propagator is a person
licensed to take or possess a living
fur-bearing animal and hold it for
propagation or sale. Species subject to
these requirements include badger, beaver,
all fox, mink, muskrat, nutria,
opossum, otter, raccoon, ring-tailed cat and
all skunks." "A Fur-bearing Propagation
Permit does not authorize individuals to
possess live fur-bearing animals as pets.
This IS NOT
a “pet permit.”"
"Texas Administrative Code TITLE 31 PART 2
CHAPTER 65 SUBCHAPTER Q STATEWIDE
FUR-BEARING ANIMAL PROCLAMATION "
Since many still don't believe it,
The following are couple
letters from officials.
Wildlife Permits Coordinator
Texas Parks & Wildlife
4200 Smith School Road
Austin, Texas 78744
The law has not changed regarding this
issue. What we have is a statutory
definition of furbearing animal, which
includes all species of fox:
Parks & Wildlife Code, Section 71.001.
Definitions. In this subtitle: (1)
"Fur-bearing animal" means wild beaver,
otter, mink, ring-tailed cat, badger,
skunk, raccoon, muskrat, opossum, fox, or
Therefore, the permitting section must
consider all species of fox to be
regulated under this subchapter, thus
considered protected wildlife and
requiring a special permit to maintain legal
possession. That said, it is my
understanding that since the fennec fox is
not considered a native species to
Texas, a change may be needed to require
that only species considered native to
Texas be covered under this subchapter. Such
a change would need to be submitted
to the legislature in the form of a bill. A
legislative session is coming up, so
that would probably be your most effective
In the meantime, I will inquire with our
Interim Diversity Program Director and
Chief of Wildlife Law Enforcement whether
they have other suggestions.
Thank you very much for your time."
|All species of fox, including the fennec fox,
are regulated as fur-bearing
animals in Texas. Possession of live fur-bearing
animals requires a special
permit. The permits which would allow for legal
possession of a fur-bearing
fur-bearer propagation permits,
zoological or scientific research
permits. It is not legal to keep these animals
solely as pets.
Information concerning the permits mentioned
above is located at:
In the event that you have a concern that
illegal activity is being
conducted involving wildlife, this may be
reported anonymously to Operation
Game Thief by calling 1-800-792-GAME.
Wildlife Permits Coordinator
Texas Parks & Wildlife
4200 Smith School Road
Austin, Texas 78744
Summary of Law: A person may not possess live zoological
animals that are classified as prohibited. Prohibited
animals include, but are not limited to, the following
families: Ursidae (bears), Canidae (all species),
Felidae (all species except non-domesticated cats),
Mustelidae (all species), Non-human primates, and
certain species of reptiles, etc. However, in rare
circumstances a person may possess these animals as a
"pet" if the person obtains a certificate of
registration from the Wildlife Board. Generally,
exhibitors and educational and scientific facilities
only obtain these registrations. A certificate of
registration is not required for non-controlled species
which alligators and crocodiles fall under.
Citation: UTAH ADMIN. R. 657-3-17, R. 657-3-24, R.
657-3-25, and R. 657-3-27
|Prohibited animals: Abert's squirrel, bats,
bears, bighorn sheep, free-ranging wild bison,
elk, mule deer, moose, pronghorn antelope, Rocky
Mountain goats, Utah prairie dogs, Merriam
kangaroo rat, desert rat, ringtail, cottontails
and snowshoe rabbits. Also prohibited in Utah
are banded gila monsters, desert iguanas, Glen
Canyon chuckwalla, Western chuckwalla, desert
glossy snakes, Mojave desert sidewinder, Mojave
rattlesnake, Sonoran lifre snake, speckled
rattlesnake, Utah milk snake, Utah mountain
King snake and desert tortoises. Other prohibited
exotic animals are coyotes, wolves, dingos,
jackals and African wild dogs, tigers, lions,
cougars, jaguars, leopards, cheetahs, ocelots,
lynx, servals, caracels, weasels, skunks,
wolverines, martens, minks, black-footed ferrets
and badgers. Non-human primates are also
classified as prohibited exotic animals in Utah.
|Controlled animals that may be possessed
with a certificate of registration issued by the
Utah Wildlife Board as well as an entry permit
number and a health certificate: desert night
lizards, Mojave zebra tailed lizards, Utah
banded geckos, Utah night lizards, California
king snake, Great Plains rat snake, Mojave
patch-nosed snake, Utah blind snake and Western
|Non-controlled animals that may be possessed
without any certificate of registration:
chipmunks, ground squirrels, golden-mantleds,
townsends, uintas, whitetail antelopes, kangaroo
mice, northern pocket gopher and rats. Also
included in this list are all other mammals and
reptiles that are not listed as controlled or
|The Utah Exotic Animal Laws also state that
a person can possess up to 3 reptiles of
non-controlled species without a certificate of
registration issued by the Utah Wildlife Board,
but if they possess 4 or more reptiles of a
non-controlled species they will be required to
obtain a certificate of registration. The
exception to this is side-blotched lizards and
western terrestrial garter snakes. A person may
possess any number of these species without a
certificate of registration. This law also
states that in order to transport a Texas spiny
soft shell turtle or a live snapping turtle from
where it was captured, must first have a
certificate of registration before capturing the
Summary of Law: It is unlawful for persons to possess
exotic animals. Vermont's exotic animal laws state that
no one can possess any exotic animal, which can be
defined as any animal that is not in its natural habitat
and many times are dangerous and wild, such as large
felines, bears, wolves, poisonous reptiles, and
non-human primates as "pets." Persons may possess exotic
animals for exhibition and educational purposes if they
obtain a permit. Please note that the state statute says
a person may not bring into the state or possess an
exotic animal unless they obtain a permit. However, no
personal possession permits for "pets" are issued to
Citation: Vermont Statute Annoted Title 10 §4709
4 VAC 15-30-10 - Possession, importation, sale, etc.,
of wild animals.
Under the authority of §§ 29.1-103 and 29.1-521 of the
Code of Virginia it shall be unlawful to take, possess,
import, cause to be imported, export, cause to be
exported, buy, sell, offer for sale, or liberate within
the Commonwealth any wild animal unless otherwise
specifically permitted by law or regulation. Unless
otherwise stated, for the purposes of identifying
species regulated by the board, when both the scientific
and common names are listed, the scientific reference to
genus and species will take precedence over common
4VAC15-20-50. Definitions; "wild animal," "native
animal," "naturalized animal," "nonnative (exotic)
animal" and "domestic animal."
In accordance with § 29.1-100 of the Code of Virginia,
the following terms shall have the meanings ascribed to
them by this section when used in regulations of the
"Wild animal" means any member of the animal kingdom,
except domestic animals, including without limitation
any native, naturalized, or nonnative (exotic) mammal,
fish, bird, amphibian, reptile, mollusk, crustacean,
arthropod or other invertebrate, and includes any hybrid
of them, except as otherwise specified in regulations of
the board, or part, product, egg, or offspring of them,
or the dead body or parts of them.
"Native animal" means those species and subspecies of
animals naturally occurring in Virginia, as included in
the department's 2007 "List of Native and Naturalized
Fauna of Virginia," with copies available in the
Richmond and regional offices of the department.
"Naturalized animal" means those species and subspecies
of animals not originally native to Virginia which have
established wild, self-sustaining populations, as
included in the department's 2007 "List of Native and
Naturalized Fauna of Virginia," with copies available in
the Richmond and regional offices of the department.
"Nonnative (exotic) animal" means those species and
subspecies of animals not naturally occurring in
Virginia, excluding domestic and naturalized species.
|The following animals are defined as domestic animals:
|Domestic dog (Canis familiaris), including wolf hybrids.
Domestic cat (Felis catus), including hybrids with wild
Domestic horse (Equus caballus), including hybrids with
Domestic ass, burro, and donkey (Equus asinus).
Domestic cattle (Bos taurus and Bos indicus).
Domestic sheep (Ovis aries) including hybrids with wild
Domestic goat (Capra hircus).
Domestic swine (Sus scrofa domestica), including
Llama (Lama glama).
Alpaca (Lama pacos).
Camels (Camelus bactrianus and Camelus dromedarius).
Domesticated races of hamsters (Mesocricetus spp.).
Domesticated races of mink (Mustela vison) where adults
are heavier than 1.15 kilograms or their coat color can
be distinguished from wild mink.
Domesticated races of red fox (Vulpes) where their coat
color can be distinguished from wild red fox.
Domesticated races of guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus).
Domesticated races of gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus).
Domesticated races of chinchillas (Chinchilla laniger).
Domesticated races of rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus
Domesticated races of mice (Mus musculus).
Domesticated races of European rabbit (Oryctolagus
Domesticated races of chickens (Gallus).
Domesticated races of turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo).
Domesticated races of ducks and geese distinguishable
morphologically from wild birds.
Feral pigeons (Columba domestica and Columba livia) and
domesticated races of pigeons.
Domesticated races of guinea fowl (Numida meleagris).
Domesticated races of peafowl (Pavo cristatus).
§§ 29.1-103, 29.1-501 and 29.1-502 of the Code of
Derived from VR325-01-1 § 5, eff. July 15, 1992;
amended, Virginia Register Volume 12, Issue 4, eff.
January 1, 1996; Volume 17, Issue 6, eff. January 1,
2001, Volume 24, Issue 10, eff. January 1, 2008.
For permit info:
Click on : Exhibit Wild Animals in Virginia Permit
Summary of Law: No person may possess or breed a
potentially dangerous animal after July, 2007. A
potentially dangerous animal includes but not limited to
Large cats, wolves, bears, hyenas, all non-human
primates, elephants, rhinoceroses, Reptiles on this list
are cobras, kraits, mambas, Australian tigere snakes,
coral snakes, sea snakes, water monitors, crocodile
monitors, rattlesnakes, boomslang snake, bushmasters,
cottonmouth snakes, puff addders, gaboon vipers,
crocodiles, caimans, alligators and gavials. Also
included on this list are members of the atractaspidae
Citation: WASH. REV. CODE §___ (will be placed in TITLE
Foxes (all species) and some other animals are banned for
possession and import under the health code but USDA
exhibitors are allowed.
http://apps.leg.wa.gov/wac/default.aspx ... 46-100-197
(a) All persons are prohibited from acquiring, selling,
bartering, exchanging, giving, purchasing, distributing,
or trapping to retain any bat, skunk, fox, raccoon, or
coyote, except a zoological park, animal exhibitor, or
(b) All persons are prohibited from importing into the
state any bat, skunk, fox, raccoon, or coyote, except a
zoological park, animal exhibitor, or research facility
under an entry permit issued by the director of the
department of agriculture in consultation with the
secretary of the department.
(a) "Animal exhibitor" means a person with a valid class
C certification as an exhibitor under the Animal Welfare
Act, 7 U.S.C. 2131-2159.
Summary of Law: The state only regulates native
species to the state. A person possessing a native
animal in captivity as a "pet" must obtain a permit.
However, there are no state laws governing private
possession of exotic animals.
Citation: W. VA. CODE § 20-2-51
Please read through the laws yourself
are long and complicated but I tried to include the
important excerpts are below. There are restrictions on
bears, wolf-dogs, and cougars. Wolf dogs must be
de-sexed and kept confined or leashed and not allowed in
Fox may not be possessed without a permit, see 16.15
below, not 100% sure if applies to live animals or not.
The only section on exotic animals pertains to exotic
ungulates (deer and others) though the fox cage sized
requirements might pertain to any fox native or exotic,
it's not clear.
|NR 16.11 Harmful wild animals. The following wild
animals are designated as harmful wild animals:
(1) Ursidae. Members of the family ursidae commonly
known as bears.
(2) Felidae. The species felis concolor commonly known
(3) Suidae. Members of the family suidae including pure
wild strains of swine commonly known by the name
European, Eurasian, Russian or hybrids with domestic
strains. Feral domestic strains include animals which
are confined but which exhibit characteristics of being
in an untamed state, and hybrids of wild or feral with
domestic swine. Included in this definition are any
swine which is captured in the wild or from an
unconfined environment after it has existed in the wild
or unconfined environment outside of an enclosure for
more than 7 days, regardless of its physical
characteristics, except that in emergency situations the
department may designate a period of less than 7 days.
(4) Anatidae. The species anserinae Cygnus, commonly
known as mute swans.
(5) Canidae. Hybrids of the species Canis lupus, C.
lycaon, or C. rufus commonly known as wolves and the
species Canis familiaris, domestic dogs, and subsequent
generations from such matings. These animals are
commonly called wolf-dog hybrids or wolf dogs.
(a) Canids may be presumed to be wolf-dog hybrids if
they have some wolf-like physical characteristics and
the owner presents such animals verbally or in writing
to be a wolf-dog hybrid. Canids with very distinct
wolf-like characteristics may be determined by the
Department to be wolves or wolf-dog hybrids.
(b) An owner may challenge such a determination by
providing the department with genetic testing results.
The department will be responsible for the costs of
testing if the animal is determined to have only the DNA
of domestic dogs.
NR 16.12 Reptiles and amphibians. places restrictions
on native species
NR 16.15 Captive wild animal farm.
|(a) Confinement. No person subject to ch. 169, Stats.,
may possess captive wild animals unless the animals held
in captivity are confined at all times to appropriate
pens except wolf-dog hybrids which are under the
immediate control of a person with a leash. Wolf-dog
hybrids are not allowed in a dog park or similar area
which is open to the public. Pens shall meet the
specifications of ss. NR 16.30 to 16.38 except as
otherwise authorized by this chapter.
(e) Mute swans. All mute swans held on a captive wild
animal farm shall be confined within a covered pen
except as follows:
1. Mute swans that are pinioned by 4 weeks of age shall
be confined but do not require a covered pen.
2. Mute swans that are both sexually neutered and
pinioned by 4 weeks of age need not be confined in a pen
but shall be confined to the owner's property and not
allowed to roam freely on waters of the state unless
those waters are entirely bordered by lands owned or
leased by the owner of the mute swans.
(f) Compliance with local regulations. No initial
captive wild animal farm application may be approved for
the possession of harmful wild animals unless the
application is accompanied by written assurance that the
application is in compliance with local ordinances and
(3) Wild or feral swine and their hybrids.
(a) Only individuals who possessed wild or feral swine
on July 1, 2010 may be licensed under s. 169.15, Stats.,
to possess wild or feral swine. Licenses shall be
applied for within 90 days of July 1, 2010. Animals must
be held in strict confinement and possessed for the
purpose of producing food for humans. Except as provided
in ss. 169.02 (1) and 169.15 (2) (b), Stats., and for
custom slaughter or mobile custom slaughter as defined
by the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer
Protection, animals may not be killed on premises.
Animals may only be transported live directly to
facilities licensed for wild or feral under ch. 169,
Stats., or to a slaughter establishment as defined by
the Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer
(b) Wild or feral swine must have an official individual
identification as defined by s. ATCP 10.01 (70).
(c) An individual who possesses wild or feral swine
under this rule must keep herd inventory records which
include the age, sex and official individual
identification of the animals. These records must be
available to the department upon request.
(4) Wolf-dog hybrids.
(a) A person who owns a wolf-dog hybrid shall have the
animal sexually neutered by six months of age.
(b) A person who owns a wolf-dog hybrid shall have the
animal individually tattooed, implanted with a
microchip, or otherwise permanently marked with
information identifying the owner.
Wild animal farms may not sell live skunks. Wild fur
farm license covers beaver, coyote, mink, muskrat,
otter, opossum, raccoon, skunk and weasel.
(a) The wild fur farm license does not authorize the
taking or possession of badger, bobcat, fisher, fox,
lynx, marten, rabbit or wolf. No person may harvest,
possess or sell these species except under the authority
of chs. NR 10 and 12 and ch. 29, Stats.
The part (a) above seems to only apply to hunting and
taking in those chapters so dead animals but you may
want to check further.
|NR 16.26 Nonprofit educational exhibitors.
(1) Application. This section is developed pursuant to
s. 169.26, Stats., to establish qualifications and
conditions for nonprofit educational exhibitors.
(2) General exhibit requirements. Nonprofit educational
exhibitors shall comply with all the requirements of ss.
NR 16.30 to 16.38.
(3) Exceptions to pen requirements. All interactive
sessions with captive wild animals shall comply with the
requirements of s. NR 16.35 (7).
Wyoming Regulation Chapter 10, §5 states that before
any one imports, possesses, confines or transports any
exotic animal or wildlife within the State of Wyoming,
they must have a permit issued from the Wyoming Game and
|Animals that do not require a permit:
aviary and caged birds, chickens, emus,
greylag geese, guinea fowl, domesticated
mallard ducks, domestic muscovy ducks,
ostriches, pigeons, rheas, swan geese,
domestic turkeys, English sparrows,
starlings, alpacas, donkeys, burros, asses,
bison, camels, domestic cats, domestic
cattle, chinchillas, domestic dogs, ferrets,
gerbils, domestic goats, guinea pigs,
hamsters and domestic horses. Also included
in this list are llamas, domestic mice,
mules, hinnys, domestic European rabbits,
domestic rats, domestic sheep, domestic
hogs, vicuna and domestic yak.
Can be imported without permit but not set
free: amphibians except the Manitoba toad,
which is banned, hawks, falcons, game birds,
all crustaceans and mollusks except for
rusty crayfish, New Zealand mudsnail and the
zebra mussel, all which are banned. Also
included on this list are fish that are to
be imported, transported and possessed to
private owners, bait dealers, private
fishing preserves and hatcheries, goldfish,
marine fish and tropical fish, while all
reptiles are included and also require a
veterinarian inspection certificate.
Wolves, wolf hybrid as well as wolf/dog
hybrids can be possessed in Wyoming without
a permit as long as they were captured
within the State of Wyoming, however, these
particular animals cannot be imported into
the state nor may they be sold.
|Animals that can not be imported:
antelope, bighorn sheep, deer, elk, moose,
mountain goats, bears, mountain lions as
well as members of the Suidae family with
the exception of domestic swine, members of
the tyassuidae family which are javalinas,
members of the alcelaphinae subfamily which
is the group that includes wild beasts and
members of the caprinae subfamily with the
exception of domestic sheep and goats.