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Armadillos

Anteaters, Armadillos, Aardvarks, Tenrec, Aardwolf, ect

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Armadillos

Postby suki'smom » Wed Feb 11, 2009 12:22 pm

I was just wondering if armadillos make good pets. And where I could maybe get one (still debating). Any info.
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Postby TamanduaGirl » Wed Feb 11, 2009 2:14 pm

They have similar issues to anteaters. Need vitamin K in the diet or they are hemophiliacs ect. There are a couple armadillo owners or used to be owners on my group. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/xenarthra_keepers
They also breed only slightly better than anteaters so have the same issue of them having to come from the wild unless you get real lucky.
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Postby suki'smom » Thu Feb 12, 2009 12:21 pm

Ok thank you very much! I think I would feel bad taking one out of it's natural habitat....
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Postby TamanduaGirl » Thu Feb 12, 2009 2:51 pm

Armadillos are considered a pest by most people and they are an invasive species in Florida. So really it's better taken for a pet than killed. You could try talking to pest control in Florida or a state they are native and ask about getting one they are removing. In Texas they sell stuffed(taxidermied) armadillos in the malls for tourists.
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Postby suki'smom » Fri Feb 13, 2009 10:20 am

Now that you put it that way I don't feel bad at all. I didn't know that they lived in Florda. I will try calling a few places today (or maybe tomorrow) and see what they say.
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Postby suki'smom » Wed Feb 18, 2009 4:33 pm

I contacted several pest control people in Florida via email and am waiting for a reply. I'm pretty sure that they all think that I'm nuts but I don't care :D. There is not much out there as to the care of these delightful little critters. I read your caresheet (several times in fact) so I think I got their care pretty well down and the places where I did find care on them gave me some stuff that I can work off of. Is there any really big differences between tamanduas and armadillos that I should tale into consideration? I mean other than the fact that one burrows and one climbs? If they do say that I can have on I will probably ride down there with a friend of mine as they have all the proper permits and everything to be able to transport exotics and wildlife over borders.
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Postby suki'smom » Wed Feb 18, 2009 6:48 pm

Another thing, I have read that armadillos carry leprosy. Some say only 5 percent of wild armadillos carry it while other sources say that in certain states (namely Luisiana) as many as 53 percent of wild dillos are carrying leprosy. Do they say the same thing about tamanduas? Should I be concerned about this since I will be adopting a wild dillo? Can it be treated in armadillos if mine does have it? Should the fact that they carry this disease be a deal breaker for me? Sorry to ambush you with all these questions but nobody else seems to know (or at least I can't find information anywhere). Thank you for all your help so far by the way.
-mariah
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Postby TamanduaGirl » Wed Feb 18, 2009 8:10 pm

Leprosy is easily cured and treated now a days so it should not be a concern. Most people are immune but there is a vaccine you could get too if you are really concerned. There have been no cases of them having it in Florida even with testing wild animals for it at random. They should also be able to test for the infection. If you plan to let others touch it then you may want to have a blood test for it done or just treat it for it so that you know if it was carrying it the disease will be killed by the antibiotics. The younger the animal the less chance it will have it.

I've never heard of it in anteaters.

Because armadillos have teeth they can eat a little wider range of food. They mostly eat insects but will eat meat, eggs, and some veggies too. I think the tamandua beef diet would be a good base for them then supplement with some other things for treats or mix into the diet occasionally like eggs, cheese, some rare fruit and things like that.
By volume, 93% of food was of animal origin(78% of animal matter was insect material, 6% were other anthropods[pill bugs and millipedes], and 2% were other vertebrates), 7% was plant matter. (Redford, 1985).


Anteaters don't eat plants in the wild though they may eat some old fruit by clawing it up since they all seem to like sweets, Pua love licking pollen from flowers too. So armadillos probably have higher calcium needs that tamanduas.

This study says they eat mostly termites ants and beetle larvae which is the same as anteaters so the anteater diet with a little more variety of additions should be about right.
http://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/Journals/46.4/529.pdf
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Postby suki'smom » Thu Feb 19, 2009 10:28 am

Thanks so much for that link, it was really helpful. I was mostly worried about leprosy because I never completely understood the disease. Probably as soon as I get it (if the trappers in Florida will let me have one) I will probably have my vet immediatley test it (or them) and possobly put them on a treatment for a shortwhile since leprosy takes a very long time to rear it's ugly head. I'm not really worried about myself (I can get vaccinated) but I was just worried how the disease would affect the poor little dillos. What sort of vaccinations and medications are allowed to be used on the little guys? My vet has never treated a dillo but she is willing to do it for me (with lots of question of what she is giving it and supervision by me). I remember in your care sheet you said that you can use dog vaccines on tamanduas, is that the same for dillos?
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Postby suki'smom » Thu Feb 19, 2009 12:59 pm

Uh Oh, another road bump. I found a study that say armadillos pass EPM to horses. Should I just keep my dillo well away from my horse or should this be a deal breaker? Here is one of the links that I found:
http://www.todayshorse.com/Articles/FeedsNutritionHealth/Armadillos_EPM.html
This one really only mentions armadillos once:
http://www.thoroughbredtimes.com/horse-health/2002/April/20/Developments-in-EPM-research.aspx
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Postby TamanduaGirl » Thu Feb 19, 2009 6:28 pm

Since it's a protozoa. Should not be an issue if you keep them away from each other and practice proper sanitary procedures like washing your hands before visiting the horses after contact with the dillo.

Tamanduas do not need any vaccines but if they ever come out with a strep vaccine(they have been trying to but it has never worked for some reason) then I would get that because it can be deadly, that's what Pua almost died from.

Due to low body temperatures Xenarthrans are not prone to a lot of the diseases others can get. There's been no cases of rabid tamanduas but armadillos can get rabies though the chances of one having it is fairly low. Dillos can bite so you may want to vaccinate for that. If you have proper cage set up you can quarantine for ten days and watch for any signs. It is a fairly small risk though since armadillos will attack with their claws and rarely bite, but they can. It's a good idea to quarantine any new animal for ten days anyway.

They do not get distemper and could not find info on parvo so rabies would be all that is needed.

I'll see if I can find a vet reference for you so your vet can consult someone who know armadillos for medicines. Usually zoo vets are willing to talk to other vets but not the general public. So if you can get one she can find a contact that way too.

Here's some feeding info from a rehaber friend of mine
Infant formula
3 parts water (pertaining to how the dillo is brought in ... some times I substitute 1/3 LR)
1 part goat milk. Add a few drops of bird vit if mixing up quantity. given warm.
I mix up a batch and freeze into ice cubes ... Bag em and only thaw what I need...
Birth weight for an armadillo is 3-4 ounces. Birth length from crown to rump is
3 -3.5 inches. They can poop on their own Feeding an infant armadillo can be
challenging. Use a curved syringe and make sure the tip is smooth. If the baby
will lap you should put the formula on an omnivore biscuit. They seem to like it
that way. Feed every 3 hours from birth to 3 weeks of age. Feed every four hours
from ages 2-3 weeks and every 5 hours from 3 weeks to weaning. They will lap
stuff up pretty quick but need supervision to assure that they are eating on
their own. Infants normally gain 0.25 oz per day. Maximum amount of formula to
feed per day is 50 mL per kg of body weight.


Baby armadillos go through three developmental stages: infant (pup), juvenile
(armadiglet), then adult (armadillo). In the wild they are weaned by 4 months.
Body length at weaning averages 6-7 inches, weight is 12 - 14 oz. Begin weaning
by offering the biscuit saturate adding moisten formula. At 3 months add vitamin
K1. Armadillos are often deficient in this nutrient.K1 drops (from the pharmacy)
5 mg per ml, put 1 drop on juveniles food 3 times weekly and 2 drops for adults
3 times weekly. You can feed bugs, worms, crickets, grapes, bananas, pears,
mashed hard boiled eggs. They will eat solid foods at roughly 2-3 weeks of age.
Weaning is usually completed when they weigh 400 grams.


Here is a good diet for those that eat solid food:

1 can 9 Lives cat food - chicken flavored, 1 jar chicken baby food (human baby
food), 1 jar baby (human) banana food, 1 jar sweet potato baby food, 1 small
squirt of Nutrical, 6 drops of cod liver oil, mix altogether, they LOVE it!


Just sharing what she does as the more info the better. Of course I use spinach or thyme for K as it also give iron. I've switched to thyme as it is higher in K and iron even when not giving as much. Thyme does have more Calcium than spinach. I've never had the K deficiency issue when using either sinach or thyme and it's a lot cheaper than buying vit K.

A dillo FAQ
http://forum.exotichobbyist.com/dillo/messages/6.html
http://forum.exotichobbyist.com/dillo/messages/3.html
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Postby TamanduaGirl » Thu Feb 19, 2009 6:31 pm

One is listed in the classifieds
http://market.exotichobbyist.com/detail ... 15&de=5173

$800 but you wont have to pay the shipping fees if you go and get it. Plus you can check it out that way before paying because I'm not sure of this guys reputation but he lists stuff a lot.
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Postby faster » Thu Feb 19, 2009 6:56 pm

for $800 I would take a vacation n Fla and pick one up for free, they are all over the place and you can get a vet to check it out for alot less than that. Or of course give me the 800 bills & when I go back I'll grab grab ya acouple for that kind of denario :lol:
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Postby TamanduaGirl » Thu Feb 19, 2009 7:08 pm

LOL. Yeah. My rehabber friend can't release the ones she gets in because they are not considered native though have been there a long time. I'm not sure if she can give them to anyone or not though. Most of the time laws say rehabbers can't do that. With spring right around the corner it will be a good time to get a young one.

If the pest people wont catch it for you, you could ask about if they will let you know of where there are complaints and try to get it first. That would remove them from any responsibility in it. That's how they got ants for Pua in Canada. They asked pest control and went to get them from where they had not gone to apply poisons yet, that makes me nervous when the intent is a food source though no matter how much they may assure me there were no poisons.
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Postby suki'smom » Thu Feb 19, 2009 11:56 pm

Thanks again for your help. I know I asked a lot of questions but I really want to know as much as I can before I take one into my care. Another thing, you mentioned something called Leaf-Eater in you care sheet. What did you mean by this; I am not familiar with the term. Oh and 800 dollars is just a wee bit too steep for me. Thank you for taking the time to look though.
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