Summary of Law: The state only regulates native species to the state. A person possessing a native animal in captivity as a "pet" must obtain a permit. However, there are no state laws governing private possession of exotic animals.
Citation: W. VA. CODE § 20-2-51
So I never got word back on WV state regulations on foxes as pets, so I looked it up some more and found this...
Based upon serious public health and wildlife disease concerns associated with the raccoon rabies virus, the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources (DNR) wants to remind the public that no Importation or Pet Permits are issued for raccoon, fox or skunk.
The Division of Natural Resources has not issued Wildlife Importation Permits for these species since 2001 and Pet Permits have not been issued since 2006. “The decision to deny Importation and Pet Permits for raccoon, fox and skunk has been made following careful deliberation and with concurrence from the West Virginia Department of Agriculture and West Virginia Bureau for Public Health. It is important for our citizens to know that just because they may be able to purchase these animals in other states; it is illegal to bring them into West Virginia. Those who transport or possess these animals face fines and the animals being confiscated,” said DNR Director Frank Jezioro.
The mid-Atlantic raccoon rabies epizootic, which began in the late 1970s, expanded rapidly and spread throughout the northeastern states by the mid-1990s. In an effort to stop the westward spread of raccoon rabies across North America, West Virginia has been participating in a regional oral rabies vaccine (Raboral V-RG) barrier program for the past seven years. “The United States Department of Agriculture has spent millions of dollars in West Virginia to implement this raccoon rabies barrier program, and we simply cannot risk the potential success of this program by allowing the importation and/or possession of live raccoons, foxes or skunks as pets at this time,” noted Jezioro.
I will assume that you are a wv resident,if so they
recently stopped issuing pet permits for
raccoons,skuunks and foxes,the only way you could
legally keep foxes is to obtain two foxes and apply
for a game farm license(a license to raise animals for
food fur etc.)Also the foxes have to be obtained in WV
either purchased from a game farm in the state or
trapped during the legal trapping season. They (the
DNR) allow foxes to be live trapped and sold to people
with a fox hunting(dog training) license, I think it
is called a coursing license. Also the dnr can be very
difficult to work with,it is probably best to work
with the wildlife division in Charleston,and avoid the
local law enforcement divisions.
Jeff is correct. I have had foxes in the past and the DNR will not issue a pet permit for any wild animal in WV any longer, unless you have some good connections.. The red fox is entirely under the jurisdiction of the WV DNR, not Ag or USDA at all in WV. Jeff is also correct that fox can be trapped during legal trapping season and sold to hound coursing/training facilities. They were trying to change that so that the foxes sold to the training facilities had to both be in the same county. Not sure if that was passed or not. Jeff's advice to not use the local DNR folks was correct as well, however, I would recommend talking to DNR LE (Law Enforcement) in Charleston instead of the Wildlife Resources division. Specifically speak to Col. Jenkins 304.558.2784. You will get the run around or flat out "No" from the wildlife biologists that run Wildlife Resources.. Hope this helps.
This site works directly with a farm for "exotics" so I know the people on there have at least some knowledge ^^.