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For a list of state regulations. Always contact your state department to verify legality! We do not make claims to this list being accurate though we strive for it to be. Changes in laws happen more frequently than we can keep up with and your regulators may interpret the law differently than we did.

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Postby TamanduaGirl » Mon Feb 20, 2012 8:54 am

MI ST 287.1101-1123, the Michigan Large Carnivore Act and MICH. COMP. LAWS §287.1001-1023 Wolf Hybrid act
Prohibits the ownership, possession, breeding and transfer of ownership of a large carnivore in the State of Michigan.

(f) "Large carnivore" means either of the following:

(i) Any of the following cats of the Felidae family, whether wild or captive bred, including a hybrid cross with such a cat:

(A) A lion.

(B) A leopard, including, but not limited to, a snow leopard or clouded leopard.

(C) A jaguar.

(D) A tiger.

(E) A cougar.

(F) A panther.

(G) A cheetah.

(ii) A bear of a species that is native or nonnative to this state, whether wild or captive bred.
Wolf is defined as a member of the Canis rufus or Canis lupus species, with the exception of the Canis lupis familiaris. Wolf-dog cross is defined as a crossing of a wolf with a dog, wolf-dog crossed with a wolf, wolf-dog crossed with a dog or wolf-dog crossed with a wolf-dog cross.

The Michigan Exotic Animal Law 287.731
A prior entry permit must be obtained from the director for all other wild animal or exotic animal species not listed above or regulated by the fish and wildlife service of the United States Department of Interior or the Department of Natural Resources of this state. Prior to an exotic animal entering the state the Department of Natural Resources may require the possessor to have the animal examined by an accredited veterinarian to determine the health status, proper housing, husbandry and confinement standards are being met.

Citation: MICH. COMP. LAWS §287.731, MICH. COMP. LAWS §287.1001-1023, MICH. COMP. LAWS §287.1101-1123

Captive wild animal order
http://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/C ... 659_7.html

Defines permit requirements, cage sizes for fox, raccoons, bobcat and badger, coyotes, bear, swans and other species as well as enrichment needed like logs and trees.

Skunks may not be imported.

Update as of June 2014 regarding red fox (vulpes vulpes) being privately possessed:


A permit is now required for for ALL Vulpes vulpes, all color phases(01/14/2016). This is also on top of the health permit and sales receipt required to bring any new fox into the state.

THERE IS NO GRANDFATHERING. Anyone currently in possession of a fox MUST apply for a permit. The law has NOT changed in regard to the Michigan Captive Wild Animal Order, but rather the officials have chosen to interpret the law differently.

The DNR officials recognize that they have not been consistent with the law and will allow time for people who previously had foxes thought to be unaffected by the law to apply for a permit. If you plan to get a fox affected by the law in the future, you must apply for a permit before bringing the fox home.

Gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) still require a permit to be held in captivity, this has not changed.
Non-native species such as Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus), fennec foxes (Vulpes zerda), swift foxes (Vulpes velox), and hybrids of red and arctic foxes do not require a permit, but still require a health certificate (if coming into the state) and sales receipt or other proof the animal was legally acquired from a breeder.

It is unknown at this time, however, if the interpretation could change and say, swift foxes might be considered close enough in resemblance to a gray fox. Please keep an eye out for any potential change of interpretation.

If you are in doubt as to whether or not you need a permit, contact the department or simply apply for a permit regardless of your fox's color if you wish to be on the safe side.

Information about applying for the permit:
(Updated March 2014)
https://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/ ... 4730_7.pdf

old info:
http://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/C ... 659_7.html

Duly note that even though foxes do not need "clawing logs", they will still be required to be in the enclosure from experience with those who have received permits from the department.
Though an enclosure is required, do not be alarmed - this does not mean that the fox must be in the enclosure at all times. You just simply have to have one.

Regarding the law that lists silver foxes as domestic species in Michigan - this does not void this interpretation of the law. This law was created for fur farms to be able to have protection over their animals and doesn't change the law surrounding privately owned foxes.

For more information regarding the possession of wildlife, or the application and permit process, please contact: Permit
Specialist, Michigan DNR, Wildlife Division, PO Box 30444, Lansing, Michigan 48909-7944 (Telephone: 517-284-6210)
or reitzc@michigan.gov.

Thank you to the user Crafty for contacting the DNR and getting this all cleared up!

-per Alynn

As of May 2019 they are said to still be giving permits to owners who didn't know but if you don't already have a fox, get the permit first.

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